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Firm characteristics, market conditions, and the pattern of performance after seasoned equity offers

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  • Mark Bayless
  • Kelly Price
  • Margaret Monroe Smoller
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    Abstract

    This paper uses a characteristics-based approach to examine the pattern of abnormal returns after seasoned equity offerings. Unlike previous studies the risk class of issuers are allowed to change in each of a series of six-month holding periods and firms are classified into categories based on performance measures, the use of proceeds and market conditions at the time of issue. This methodology reveals that negative abnormal returns persist for only about 3.5 years on average following offers and are driven by the 37% of firms that reduce capital spending. These and other results suggest that post-issue abnormal returns vary in a way that is consistent with quasi-efficient capital markets.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Financial Economics.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 611-622

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:15:y:2005:i:9:p:611-622

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    Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/RAFE20

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    References

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    1. Harrison Hong & Jeremy C. Stein, 1999. "A Unified Theory of Underreaction, Momentum Trading, and Overreaction in Asset Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(6), pages 2143-2184, December.
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    3. Alon Brav & Christopher Geczy & Paul A. Gompers, . "Is the Abnormal Return Following Equity Issuances Anomalous?," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 2-99, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
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    5. Jun-Koo Kang & Yong-Cheol Kim & Rene M. Stulz, 1996. "The Underreaction Hypothesis and the New Issue Puzzle: Evidence from Japan," NBER Working Papers 5819, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    8. Eckbo, B. Espen & Masulis, Ronald W. & Norli, Oyvind, 2000. "Seasoned public offerings: resolution of the 'new issues puzzle'," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 251-291, May.
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    14. Loughran, Tim & Ritter, Jay R., 2000. "Uniformly least powerful tests of market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 361-389, March.
    15. Kent Daniel & David Hirshleifer & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 1998. "Investor Psychology and Security Market Under- and Overreactions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(6), pages 1839-1885, December.
    16. Spiess, D. Katherine & Affleck-Graves, John, 1995. "Underperformance in long-run stock returns following seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 243-267, July.
    17. Heinkel, Robert, 1982. " A Theory of Capital Structure Relevance under Imperfect Information," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 37(5), pages 1141-50, December.
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