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National and international spillovers from R&D: Comparing a neoclassical and an endogenous growth approach

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  • Henrik Braconier
  • Fredrik Sjöholm

Abstract

Two models where productivity growth is caused by spillovers from R&D are analysed using a sample of nine manufacturing industries in six large OECD-countries between 1979 and 1991. The first model is based on traditional productivity analysis where growth in R&D stocks causes productivity growth. The second model is based on the endogenous growth literature where the level of R&D expenditures is assumed to increase productivity growth. The empirical results indicate stronger support for the latter model. The pattern of spillovers is also investigated. The results suggest that spillovers from R&D exist within industries, both nationally and internationally. There is, however, little evidence of spillovers between industries. The empirical evidence further suggests that intra-industry spillovers are confined to industries that are relatively R&D-intensive. Finally, direct foreign investment seem to facilitate the diffusion of R&D results, but we do not find any effect on growth from R&D embodied in intermediate products.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/BF02773291
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv.

Volume (Year): 134 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 638-663

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Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:134:y:1998:i:4:p:638-663

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Giovanni Peri, 2004. "Knowledge Flows and Productivity," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 94(2), pages 21-59, March-Apr.
  2. Salvador Barrios & Eric Strobl, 2002. "Foreign direct investment and productivity spillovers: Evidence from the Spanish experience," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 459-481, September.
  3. Bitzer, Jürgen & Kerekes, Monika, 2005. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Transfer Technology Across Borders? A Reexamination," Discussion Papers 2005/7, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  4. Liqun Zhou & Liangke Xia, 2010. "How R&D investments influence TFP growth: Evidence from China’s large and medium-sized industrial enterprises," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 537-558, December.
  5. Carmela Martin & Francisco J. Velazquez & Bernard Funck, 2001. "European Integration and Income Convergence : Lessons for Central and Eastern European Countries," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13968, October.
  6. Carmela Martin & Francisco J. Velazquez & Jorge Crespo., 2001. "The Role of International Technological Spillovers in the Economic Growth of the OECD Countries ," European Economy Group Working Papers 6, European Economy Group.
  7. Y Wei & X Liu, 2006. "Productivity spillovers from R&D, exports and FDI in China's manufacturing sector," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(4), pages 544-557, July.
  8. Peri, Giovanni, 2003. "Knowledge Flows, R&D Spillovers and Innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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