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The Interplay between Educational Achievement, Occupational Success, and Well-Being

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  • Robin Samuel

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  • Manfred Bergman

    ()

  • Sandra Hupka-Brunner

    ()

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    Abstract

    Many studies have examined the effect of life events, education, and income on well-being. Conversely, research concerning well-being as a predictor of life course outcomes is sparse. Diener’s suggestion “to inquire about the effects of well-being on future behavior and success” has, with some exceptions, not yet come to fruition. This article contributes to this body of research. We conceptualize and analyze the interplay between educational achievement, occupational success, and well-being as a complex process. The relationship between these domains is examined drawing on a structure-agency framework derived from Bourdieu and Social Comparison Theory. Social comparison between adolescents and their parents is suggested to be the mechanism explaining the effects of successful and unsuccessful intergenerational transmission of educational achievement and occupational success on well-being. It is further argued that well-being may serve as an individual resource by fostering educational and occupational outcomes. Panel data from the Transition from Education to Employment (TREE) project, a Swiss PISA 2000 follow-up study, was used. The interplay between well-being and successful and unsuccessful intergenerational transfer of educational attainment was analyzed in an autoregressive cross-lagged mixture model framework. Social comparison was found to be related to well-being, while well-being proved to significantly increase the probability of successful intergenerational transfer of educational attainment. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11205-011-9984-5
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Social Indicators Research.

    Volume (Year): 111 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 75-96

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:111:y:2013:i:1:p:75-96

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/11135

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    Related research

    Keywords: Educational achievement; Occupational success; Well-being; Cultural capital; Longitudinal analysis;

    References

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    1. Heckman, James J & Borjas, George J, 1980. "Does Unemployment Cause Future Unemployment? Definitions, Questions and Answers from a Continuous Time Model of Heterogeneity and State Dependence," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(187), pages 247-83, August.
    2. Jed Blore & Mark Stokes & David Mellor & Lucy Firth & Robert Cummins, 2011. "Comparing Multiple Discrepancies Theory to Affective Models of Subjective Wellbeing," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 100(1), pages 1-16, January.
    3. Alex Michalos, 1985. "Multiple discrepancies theory (MDT)," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 347-413, May.
    4. Alex Michalos, 2008. "Education, Happiness and Wellbeing," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 87(3), pages 347-366, July.
    5. Katariina Salmela-Aro & Heta Tuominen-Soini, 2010. "Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction During the Transition to Post-Comprehensive Education: Antecedents and Consequences," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 11(6), pages 683-701, December.
    6. Stefan Boes & Kevin E. Staub & Rainer Winkelmann, 2008. "Relative status and satisfaction," SOI - Working Papers 0816, Socioeconomic Institute - University of Zurich.
    7. David Evans, 1994. "Enhancing quality of life in the population at large," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 47-88, August.
    8. Carmel Proctor & P. Linley & John Maltby, 2010. "Very Happy Youths: Benefits of Very High Life Satisfaction Among Adolescents," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 98(3), pages 519-532, September.
    9. Christian Kroll, 2011. "Different Things Make Different People Happy: Examining Social Capital and Subjective Well-Being by Gender and Parental Status," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 104(1), pages 157-177, October.
    10. Ledyard Tucker & Charles Lewis, 1973. "A reliability coefficient for maximum likelihood factor analysis," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 1-10, March.
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