Living with unfairness: The limits of equal opportunity in a market economy
AbstractEquality of opportunity is often presented as a criterion which reconciles egalitarianism with principles of freedom and responsibility. This paper distinguishes between the principle of ‘starting-line equality’, which requires that everyone’s initial opportunities, assessed in relation to what is publicly known ex ante, are equal, and the principle that equal efforts should yield equal ex post rewards. It argues that the first principle is compatible with allocation of resources through markets but, because of the division of knowledge, the second is not. If we want the opportunities which markets give us, we have to accept ex post unfairness. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2004
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Social Choice and Welfare.
Volume (Year): 22 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (02)
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- Sebastián Galiani, 2013.
"Social Mobility: What is it and Why Does it Matter?,"
Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 59, pages 167-229, January-D.
- Sebastian Galiani, 2010. "Social Mobility: What is it and why does it matter?," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0101, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
- Christian Schubert, 2012. "Opportunity and Preference Learning," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2012-08, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
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