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Knowing your audience: How the structure of international relations and organizational choices affect amnesty international’s advocacy

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  • Cullen Hendrix

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  • Wendy Wong

    ()

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    Abstract

    While research has addressed the effects of international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) advocacy on human rights outcomes, less is known about how INGOs choose advocacy targets and tactics. We combine insights from political economy and constructivism to understand how INGOs come to choose targets and tactics through the concepts of information and leverage politics, first articulated by Keck and Sikkink ( 1998 ), and salience politics, or the need to select cases that energize organization members and donors. INGOs select potential targets for advocacy and choose their tactics based on considerations of leverage potential and political salience, both of which are a function of potential target states’ aid, trade, and security linkages with major Western powers. Using data on Amnesty International’s written advocacy efforts - background reports, press releases, and new data on Urgent Actions - we find robust evidence that Amnesty International accounts for these linkages with Western powers in choosing targets for its advocacy campaigns. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11558-013-9175-z
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal The Review of International Organizations.

    Volume (Year): 9 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 1 (March)
    Pages: 29-58

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:revint:v:9:y:2014:i:1:p:29-58

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/business/sociology/journal/11558

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    Related research

    Keywords: Human rights; International non-government organizations; Amnesty International; Trade; Arms transfers; D73; L31; P45;

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    1. Sikkink, Kathryn, 1993. "Human rights, principled issue-networks, and sovereignty in Latin America," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(03), pages 411-441, June.
    2. Mani, Anandi & Mukand, Sharun, 2007. "Democracy, visibility and public good provision," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 506-529, July.
    3. David H. Romer & Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "Does Trade Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 379-399, June.
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    6. Erica Johnson & Aseem Prakash, 2007. "NGO research program: a collective action perspective," Policy Sciences, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 221-240, September.
    7. Hafner-Burton, Emilie M., 2005. "Trading Human Rights: How Preferential Trade Agreements Influence Government Repression," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 59(03), pages 593-629, July.
    8. Vuong, Quang H, 1989. "Likelihood Ratio Tests for Model Selection and Non-nested Hypotheses," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 307-33, March.
    9. James Meernik & Rosa Aloisi & Marsha Sowell & Angela Nichols, 2012. "The Impact of Human Rights Organizations on Naming and Shaming Campaigns," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 56(2), pages 233-256, April.
    10. Karen K. Lewis, 1999. "Trying to Explain Home Bias in Equities and Consumption," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(2), pages 571-608, June.
    11. Eric Werker & Faisal Z. Ahmed, 2008. "What Do Nongovernmental Organizations Do?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 73-92, Spring.
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