Fertility, growth and the financing of public education and health
AbstractThis paper considers the implications of the financing of government services to children when fertility decisions are endogenously determined. In particular, it is shown that when the services are financed by taxation, the equilibrium outcome is biased away from the socially preferred result. The bias results in higher fertility rates and lower economic growth rates than the efficient social optimum. This arises because each household internalizes the benefits, but not the costs of the tax-financed services. We consider alternative methods of financing the public provision of services and find that a combination of taxation and vouchers can eliminate the bias in the equilibrium outcome. JEL classification: H42, J13, O11
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.
Volume (Year): 9 (1996)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Note: Received October 24, 1995 / Accepted May 31, 1996
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Other versions of this item:
- Palivos, Theodore & Scotese, Carol A, 1996. "Fertility, Growth and the Financing of Public Education and Health," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 415-28, November.
- H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
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- Leonid Azarnert, 2010. "Free education, fertility and human capital accumulation," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(2), pages 449-468, March.
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