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The old and the new: the evolution of polymer and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden

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Author Info

  • Dan Johansson

    ()
    (Royal Institute of Technology, Industrial Organization and Management, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Dilek Cetindamar

    ()
    (Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey)

  • Bo Carlsson

    ()
    (Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-7206, USA)

  • Pontus Braunerhjelm

    ()
    (Center for Business and Policy Studies , 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden)

Abstract

This paper examines the rapid growth of the polymer-based and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden - two regions of similar size and with similar traditions undergoing similar industrial restructuring. Two issues are addressed: First, why has growth been so strong in these particular clusters, i.e., can we identify the sources of the growth and dynamics in these sectors? Second, why do these two clusters differ in Ohio and Sweden in terms of size, level and type of activity, number and composition of actors, size structure of firms and growth patterns over the last couple of decades? In particular, what is the role of public policies as well as cultural, historical, and geographic factors? Our main conclusions are (1) that there is strong path dependence in both clusters in both countries, and (2) that the key to rapid development is a high absorptive capacity combined with rapid diffusion to new potential users. Our policy discussion addresses these issues.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Evolutionary Economics.

Volume (Year): 10 (2000)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 471-488

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Handle: RePEc:spr:joevec:v:10:y:2000:i:5:p:471-488

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Related research

Keywords: Clusters - Evolution - Path dependence - Systems - Polymers - Biomedicine;

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Cited by:
  1. Dan Rickman & Belal Fallah & Mark Partridge, 2011. "Geographic Determinants of Hi-Tech Employment Growth in U.S. Counties," ERSA conference papers ersa11p518, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
  3. Mozhdeh Taheri & Marina Van Geenhuizen, 2011. "Learning networks of academic spin-offs - A spatial perspective," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1661, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Kerstin Press, 2007. "When does defection pay?," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 67-84, June.
  5. Pontus Braunerhjelm, 2007. "Academic entrepreneurship: Social norms, university culture and policies," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(9), pages 619-631, November.
  6. Kerstin Wolter, 2005. "Divide and Conquer? Decentralisation, Co-ordination and Cluster Survival," DRUID Working Papers 05-12, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  7. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2001. "Bottom-Up vs. Top-Down Policies towards the Commercialization of University Intellectual Property," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 463, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 26 May 2002.
  8. Braunerhjelm, Pontus, 2006. "Regional Specialization and Universities: The New Verus the Old," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 55, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  9. Goldfarb, Brent & Henrekson, Magnus, 2003. "Bottom-up versus top-down policies towards the commercialization of university intellectual property," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 639-658, April.
  10. Elicia Maine & Daniel Shapiro & Aidan Vining, 2010. "The role of clustering in the growth of new technology-based firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 127-146, February.

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