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Average wage, qualification of the workforce and export performance in German enterprises: evidence from KombiFiD data

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  • Joachim Wagner

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Abstract

Empirische Untersuchungen mit Firmendaten der amtlichen Statistik verwenden oft den Durchschnittslohn als eine Proxy-Variable für die Qualifikation der Belegschaft. Der Grund dafür liegt zumeist darin, dass es in den Daten keine detaillierten Informationen über die Belegschaftsqualifikation gibt. Dieser Beitrag nutzt einen einzigartigen neu verfügbaren Datensatz für deutsche Industrieunternehmen aus dem KombiFiD-Projekt. In diesem Projekt wurden zum ersten Mal Informationen aus der Statistik der sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten mit Daten aus Erhebungen der Statischen Ämter kombiniert. Diese kombinierten Daten werden herangezogen um die Qualität der Proxyvariable Durchschnittslohnsatz zu überprüfen. Hierzu wird zunächst der Zusammenhang zwischen dem Durchschnittslohnsatz in einer Unternehmung und der Qualifikation der Belegschaft untersucht. Darüber hinaus wird gezeigt, dass detaillierte Angaben über die Qualifikation der Arbeitskräfte zu neuen Erkenntnissen über die Rolle der hochqualifizierten Beschäftigten für den Erfolg auf Exportmärkten führen, die sich aus einer Betrachtung der durchschnittlichen Lohnhöhe in der Firma nicht gewinnen lassen. Dieser Beitrag zeigt, dass Datensätze, in denen Unternehmensinformationen aus verschiedenen Quellen kombiniert werden, für wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen breit verfügbar gemacht werden sollten. Copyright Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung 2012

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 45 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 161-170

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jlabrs:v:45:y:2012:i:2:p:161-170

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Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12651

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Related research

Keywords: Qualification of workforce; average wage; export; firm level data; C81; F14; J31;

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References

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  1. Mark J. Melitz, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," NBER Working Papers 8881, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Andrew B. Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1998. "Export Entry and Exit by German Firms," NBER Working Papers 6538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Munch, Jakob R. & Skaksen, Jan Rose, 2006. "Human Capital and Wages in Exporting Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 2409, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  5. Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Estimated Capital Stock Values for German Manufacturing Enterprises Covered by the Cost Structure Surveys," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 130(3), pages 403-408.
  6. Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Higher wages in exporting firms: self-selection, export effect, or both? First evidence from linked employer-employee data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(2), pages 303-322, June.
  7. Michael W. Klein & Christoph Moser & Dieter M. Urban, 2010. "The Contribution of Trade to Wage Inequality: The Role of Skill, Gender, and Nationality," NBER Working Papers 15985, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Do exporters really pay higher wages? First evidence from German linked employer-employee data," Working Paper Series in Economics 28, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  9. Papke, Leslie E & Wooldridge, Jeffrey M, 1996. "Econometric Methods for Fractional Response Variables with an Application to 401(K) Plan Participation Rates," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(6), pages 619-32, Nov.-Dec..
  10. Alda, Holger & Bender, Stefan & Gartner, Hermann, 2005. "The linked employer-employee dataset of the IAB (LIAB)," IAB Discussion Paper 200506, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  11. Anja Malchin & Ramona Voshage, 2009. "Official Firm Data for Germany," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 129(3), pages 501-513.
  12. Hethey-Maier, Tanja & Seth, Stefan, 2010. "Das Betriebs-Historik-Panel (BHP) 1975-2008 : Handbuch Version 1.0.2 (Establishment-History-Panel (BHP) 1975-2008)," FDZ Datenreport. Documentation on Labour Market Data 201004_de, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  13. Helpman, Elhanan, 2011. "Understanding Global Trade," Economics Books, Harvard University Press, number 9780674060784.
  14. Holger Alda & Stefan Bender & Hermann Gartner, 2005. "European Data Watch: The linked employer-employee dataset created from the IAB establishment panel and the process-produced data of the IAB (LIAB)," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(2), pages 327-336.
  15. Chad Syverson, 2011. "What Determines Productivity?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 49(2), pages 326-65, June.
  16. Anja Spengler, 2008. "European Data Watch: The Establishment History Panel," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 128(3), pages 501-509.
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Cited by:
  1. Joachim Wagner, 2012. "Credit constraints and exports: Evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Working Paper Series in Economics 251, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

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