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Average wage, qualification of the workforce and export performance in German enterprises: evidence from KombiFiD data

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  • Joachim Wagner

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Abstract

Empirische Untersuchungen mit Firmendaten der amtlichen Statistik verwenden oft den Durchschnittslohn als eine Proxy-Variable für die Qualifikation der Belegschaft. Der Grund dafür liegt zumeist darin, dass es in den Daten keine detaillierten Informationen über die Belegschaftsqualifikation gibt. Dieser Beitrag nutzt einen einzigartigen neu verfügbaren Datensatz für deutsche Industrieunternehmen aus dem KombiFiD-Projekt. In diesem Projekt wurden zum ersten Mal Informationen aus der Statistik der sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten mit Daten aus Erhebungen der Statischen Ämter kombiniert. Diese kombinierten Daten werden herangezogen um die Qualität der Proxyvariable Durchschnittslohnsatz zu überprüfen. Hierzu wird zunächst der Zusammenhang zwischen dem Durchschnittslohnsatz in einer Unternehmung und der Qualifikation der Belegschaft untersucht. Darüber hinaus wird gezeigt, dass detaillierte Angaben über die Qualifikation der Arbeitskräfte zu neuen Erkenntnissen über die Rolle der hochqualifizierten Beschäftigten für den Erfolg auf Exportmärkten führen, die sich aus einer Betrachtung der durchschnittlichen Lohnhöhe in der Firma nicht gewinnen lassen. Dieser Beitrag zeigt, dass Datensätze, in denen Unternehmensinformationen aus verschiedenen Quellen kombiniert werden, für wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen breit verfügbar gemacht werden sollten. Copyright Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung 2012

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal for Labour Market Research.

Volume (Year): 45 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 161-170

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jlabrs:v:45:y:2012:i:2:p:161-170

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Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/12651

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Related research

Keywords: Qualification of workforce; average wage; export; firm level data; C81; F14; J31;

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  1. Alda, Holger & Bender, Stefan & Gartner, Hermann, 2005. "The linked employer-employee dataset of the IAB (LIAB)," IAB Discussion Paper 200506, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
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  4. Thorsten Schank & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Higher wages in exporting firms: self-selection, export effect, or both? First evidence from linked employer-employee data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(2), pages 303-322, June.
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  13. Anja Malchin & Ramona Voshage, 2009. "Official Firm Data for Germany," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 129(3), pages 501-513.
  14. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Wagner, Joachim, 2012. "Credit constraints and exports: Evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 286, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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