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Adolescents alcohol-use and economic conditions: a multilevel analysis of data from a period with big economic changes

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  • Mikael Svensson

    ()

  • Curt Hagquist

Abstract

This paper examines how the unemployment rate is related to adolescent alcohol use during a time period characterized by big societal changes using repeated cross-sectional adolescent survey data from a Swedish region, collected in 1988, 1991, 1995, 1998, 2002 and 2005. Individual level alcohol use is connected to local level unemployment rate to estimate the relationship using multilevel modeling. The results show that the unemployment rate is negatively associated with adolescents alcohol use. When the unemployment rate increases, more adolescents, mainly girls, do not drink at all. Regular drinking (2/month or more) is, on the other hand, unrelated to the unemployment rate. This implies that we may se decreases in adolescent alcohol use in the now expected real economic crisis with increasing unemployment.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal The European Journal of Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 11 (2010)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
Pages: 533-541

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Handle: RePEc:spr:eujhec:v:11:y:2010:i:6:p:533-541

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Related research

Keywords: Alcohol use; Unemployment rate; Multilevel methods; Sweden; E32; I12;

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  1. Thomas S. Dee, 2001. "Alcohol abuse and economic conditions: Evidence from repeated cross-sections of individual-level data," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(3), pages 257-270.
  2. Jeremy Arkes, 2007. "Does the economy affect teenage substance use?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 19-36.
  3. Christopher J. Ruhm & William E. Black, 2001. "Does Drinking Really Decrease in Bad Times?," NBER Working Papers 8511, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Sophia Rabe-Hesketh & Anders Skrondal, 2012. "Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata, 3rd Edition," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, edition 3, number mimus2, March.
  5. Christopher Ruhm, 1994. "Economic Conditions and Alcohol Problems," NBER Working Papers 4914, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Svensson, Mikael & Hagquist, Curt, 2009. "Adolescent Alcohol- And Illicit Drug-Use In First And Second Generation Immigrants In Sweden," Working Papers 2009:8, Örebro University, School of Business.
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