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The Employment Consequences of Technological Advance, Demand and Labor Costs in 16 German Industries

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  • Zimmermann, Klaus F

Abstract

The decline of employment in German manufacturing industries is often attributed to technological advance, declines in demand and to increases in labor costs. Using business survey data, the study evaluates the relative importance of these determinants in 16 industries. The empirical finding of a series of probit estimates is that in most cases demand plays a dominant role, in some cases technological progress is an important factor, but in not case are labor costs a decisive determinant. Results may depend on the short-run nature of the analysis.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Empirical Economics.

Volume (Year): 16 (1991)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 253-66

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Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:16:y:1991:i:2:p:253-66

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Cited by:
  1. Klaus Abberger & Sascha O. Becker & Barbara Hofmann & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2007. "Mikrodaten im ifo Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung: Bestand, Verwendung, Zugang," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 44, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  2. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Mairesse, Jacques & Lotti, Francesca, 2006. "Employment, Innovation, and Productivity: Evidence from Italian Microdata," MERIT Working Papers 043, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  3. Rennings, Klaus & Ziegler, Andreas & Zwick, Thomas, 2001. "Employment changes in environmentally innovative firms," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-46, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Peters, Bettina, 2004. "Employment Effects of Different Innovation Activities: Microeconometric Evidence," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-73, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Sascha O. Becker & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2008. "European Data Watch: Micro Data at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research – The “Ifo Business Survey”, Usage and Access," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 128(2), pages 307-319.
  6. Felix Fitzroy & Michael Funke, 1993. "Real Wages, Investment and Employment - New Evidence From West German Sectoral Data," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 9305, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.
  7. Stefan Kipar, 2012. "Determinants of Firm Innovation - Evidence from German Panel Data," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 45, 8.
  8. Francesco Bogliacino & Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2011. "Job Creation Effects of R&D Expenditures: Are High-tech Sectors the Key?," JRC-IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2011-10, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.
  9. Francesco Bogliacino & Mariacristina Piva & Marco Vivarelli, 2011. "The impact of R&D on employment in Europe: a firm-level analysis," Working Papers 2011/20, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  10. Sascha O. Becker & Klaus Wohlrabe, 2007. "Micro Data at the Ifo Institute for Economic Research – The “Ifo Business Survey”, Usage and Access," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 47, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  11. repec:iab:iabmit:v:33:i:4:p:594-608 is not listed on IDEAS
  12. Bogliacino, Francesco & Piva, Mariacristina & Vivarelli, Marco, 2011. "R&D and Employment: Some Evidence from European Microdata," IZA Discussion Papers 5908, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Ádám Bereck, 2013. "Output and Staff Number in Hungarian Manufacturing before, during and after the Crisis," Theory Methodology Practice (TMP), Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 9(02), pages 15-21.

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