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Child Mobility, Maternal Status, and Household Composition in Rural South Africa

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  • Sangeetha Madhavan

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  • Enid Schatz
  • Samuel Clark
  • Mark Collinson
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    Abstract

    This article examines the influence of maternal status, socioeconomic status of the household, and household composition on the mobility of children aged 0–14 in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, from 1999 to 2008. Using data from the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System, we found that children whose mothers were temporary migrants, living elsewhere, or dead had higher odds of moving than children whose mothers were coresident. Older children and children living in richer households faced lower odds of mobility. For children whose mothers were coresident, there was no effect of maternal substitutes on child mobility. However, among children whose mothers were temporary migrants or living elsewhere, the presence of prime-aged and elderly females lowered the odds of mobility. For maternal orphans, the presence of elderly women in the household lowered their odds of mobility. The results underscore the importance of examining the conditions under which children move in order to strengthen service delivery targeted at safeguarding children’s well-being. Copyright Population Association of America 2012

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s13524-011-0087-3
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Demography.

    Volume (Year): 49 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 2 (May)
    Pages: 699-718

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:49:y:2012:i:2:p:699-718

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/13524

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    Related research

    Keywords: Children; Mobility; Household; Mothers; South Africa;

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    1. Sara Curran & Estela Rivero-Fuentes, 2003. "Engendering migrant networks: The case of Mexican migration," Demography, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 289-307, May.
    2. Case, A. & Deaton, A., 1996. "Large Cash Transfers to the Elderly in South Africa," Papers 176, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Development Studies.
    3. Madhavan, Sangeetha, 2004. "Fosterage patterns in the age of AIDS: continuity and change," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 58(7), pages 1443-1454, April.
    4. Martin Brockerhoff, 1990. "Rural-to-Urban migration and child survival in Senegal," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 601-616, November.
    5. Robert Moffitt, 2005. "Remarks on the analysis of causal relationships in population research," Demography, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 91-108, February.
    6. Randall Kuhn & Bethany Everett & Rachel Silvey, 2011. "The Effects of Children’s Migration on Elderly Kin’s Health: A Counterfactual Approach," Demography, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 183-209, February.
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