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Smoothly truncated stable distributions, GARCH-models, and option pricing

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  • Christian Menn

    ()

  • Svetlozar Rachev

    ()

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    Abstract

    Although asset return distributions are known to be conditionally leptokurtic, this fact has rarely been addressed in the recent GARCH model literature. For this reason, we introduce the class of smoothly truncated stable distributions (STS distributions) and derive a generalized GARCH option pricing framework based on non-Gaussian innovations. Our empirical results show that (1) the model’s performance in the objective as well as the risk-neutral world is substantially improved by allowing for non-Gaussian innovations and (2) the model’s best option pricing performance is achieved with a new estimation approach where all model parameters are obtained from time-series information whereas the market price of risk and the spot variance are inverted from market prices of options. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2009

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Mathematical Methods of Operations Research.

    Volume (Year): 69 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 411-438

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:compst:v:69:y:2009:i:3:p:411-438

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    Related research

    Keywords: Incomplete financial markets; Discrete-time models; Non-Gaussian GARCH models; Option pricing;

    References

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    1. Jin-Chuan Duan, 1995. "The Garch Option Pricing Model," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(1), pages 13-32.
    2. Robert F. Engle & Victor K. Ng, 1991. "Measuring and Testing the Impact of News on Volatility," NBER Working Papers 3681, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Charles Quanwei Cao & Gurdip S. Bakshi & Zhiwu Chen, 1997. "Empirical Performance of Alternative Option Pricing Models," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm54, Yale School of Management.
    4. Jin-Chuan Duan & Geneviève Gauthier & Jean-Guy Simonato, 2001. "Asymptotic Distribution of the EMS Option Price Estimator," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(8), pages 1122-1132, August.
    5. Bakshi, Gurdip & Cao, Charles & Chen, Zhiwu, 1997. " Empirical Performance of Alternative Option Pricing Models," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(5), pages 2003-49, December.
    6. Brennan, M J, 1979. "The Pricing of Contingent Claims in Discrete Time Models," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 34(1), pages 53-68, March.
    7. Mark Rubinstein, 1976. "The Valuation of Uncertain Income Streams and the Pricing of Options," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 7(2), pages 407-425, Autumn.
    8. Christie, Andrew A., 1982. "The stochastic behavior of common stock variances : Value, leverage and interest rate effects," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 407-432, December.
    9. Jin-Chuan Duan & Jean-Guy Simonato, 1998. "Empirical Martingale Simulation for Asset Prices," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 44(9), pages 1218-1233, September.
    10. Heston, Steven L & Nandi, Saikat, 2000. "A Closed-Form GARCH Option Valuation Model," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 13(3), pages 585-625.
    11. Bougerol, Philippe & Picard, Nico, 1992. "Stationarity of Garch processes and of some nonnegative time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1-2), pages 115-127.
    12. Bernard Dumas & Jeff Fleming & Robert E. Whaley, 1998. "Implied Volatility Functions: Empirical Tests," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 53(6), pages 2059-2106, December.
    13. Nelson, Daniel B., 1990. "Stationarity and Persistence in the GARCH(1,1) Model," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(03), pages 318-334, September.
    14. Robert C. Merton, 1973. "Theory of Rational Option Pricing," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 4(1), pages 141-183, Spring.
    15. Jin-Chuan Duan & Jean-Guy Simonato, 1995. "Empirical Martingale Simulation for Asset Prices," CIRANO Working Papers 95s-43, CIRANO.
    16. Charles Quanwei Cao & Gurdip S. Bakshi & Zhiwu Chen, 1997. "Empirical Performance of Alternative Option Pricing Models," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm65, Yale School of Management.
    17. Wei, J.Z. & Duan, J.C., 1999. "Pricing Foreign Currency and Cross-Currency Options Under GARCH," Rotman School of Management - Finance 99-01, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.
    18. Duan, Jin-Chuan, 1997. "Augmented GARCH (p,q) process and its diffusion limit," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 97-127, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Shin Kim, Young & Rachev, Svetlozar T. & Leonardo Bianchi, Michele & Fabozzi, Frank J., 2010. "Tempered stable and tempered infinitely divisible GARCH models," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 2096-2109, September.
    2. Lorenzo Mercuri & Fabio Bellini, 2014. "Option Pricing in a Dynamic Variance-Gamma Model," Papers 1405.7342, arXiv.org.
    3. Möller, Christoph & Rachev, Svetlozar T. & Fabozzi, Frank J., 2011. "Balancing energy strategies in electricity portfolio management," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 2-11, January.
    4. Kim, Young Shin & Rachev, Svetlozar T. & Bianchi, Michele Leonardo & Mitov, Ivan & Fabozzi, Frank J., 2011. "Time series analysis for financial market meltdowns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1879-1891, August.

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