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Innovation, knowledge creation and systems of innovation

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  • Manfred M. Fischer

    ()
    (Professor and Chair, Department of Economic Geography and Geoinformatics, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Rossauer Lände 23/1, A-1090 Vienna)

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to provide greater understanding of the systems of innovation approach as a flexible and useful conceptual framework for spatial innovation analysis. It presents an effort to develop some missing links and to decrease the conceptual noise often present in the discussions on national innovation systems. The paper specifies elements and relations that seem to be essential to the conceptual core of the framework and argues that there is no a priori reason to emphasize the national over the subnational (regional) scale as an appropriate mode for analysis, irrespective of time and place. Localised input-output relations between the actors of the system, knowledge spillovers and their untraded interdependencies lie at the centre of the argument. The paper is organized as follows. It introduces the reader, first, to some basic elements and concepts that are central to understanding the approach. The characteristics of the innovation process are examined: its nature, sources and some of the factors shaping its development. Particular emphasis is laid on the role of knowledge creation and dissemination based on the fundamental distinction between codified and tacit forms. These concepts recur throughout the paper and particularly in discussions on the nature and specifications of the systems approach. The paper concludes by summarizing some of the major findings of the discussion and pointing to some directions for future research activities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal The Annals of Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 35 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 199-216

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Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:35:y:2001:i:2:p:199-216

Note: Received: January 2000/Accepted: February 2000
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Cited by:
  1. Michael Barber & Thomas Scherngell, 2011. "Is the European R&D network homogeneous? spatial interaction modeling of network communities determined using graph theoretic methods," ERSA conference papers ersa11p392, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Dümmler, Patrick & Thierstein, Alain, 2002. "The European metropolitan region of Zurich - a cluster of economic clusters?," ERSA conference papers ersa02p266, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Kampik, Franziska & Dachs, Bernhard, 2010. "The innovative performance of German multinationals abroad," MPRA Paper 28102, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Attila Varga, 2007. "GMR-Hungary: A Complex Macro-Regional Model for the Analysis of Development Policy Impacts on the Hungarian Economy," Working Papers 2007/4, University of Pécs, Department of Economics and Regional Studies, revised Oct 2007.
  5. Manfred Fischer & Thomas Scherngell & Eva Jansenberger, 2009. "Geographic localisation of knowledge spillovers: evidence from high-tech patent citations in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 839-858, December.
  6. David Doloreux & Saeed Parto, 2004. "Regional Innovation Systems: Current Discourse and Challenges for Future Research," ERSA conference papers ersa04p56, European Regional Science Association.
  7. Tom Broekel & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "Regional factors and innovativeness: an empirical analysis of four German industries," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 169-194, August.
  8. Tappeiner, Gottfried & Hauser, Christoph & Walde, Janette, 2008. "Regional knowledge spillovers: Fact or artifact?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 861-874, June.
  9. Iwona Borowik, 2014. "Knowledge Exchange Mechanisms and Innovation Policy in Post-Industrial Regions: Approaches of the Basque Country and the West Midlands," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 37-69, March.
  10. Roger Stough & Peter Nijkamp, 2009. "Knowledge spillovers, entrepreneurship and economic development," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 835-838, December.
  11. Verkerk, M. & van der Pijl, G.J. & van Asperen, E., 2009. "ICT as an Enabler for Innovation Adoption," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2009-15, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
  12. Lise Bourdeau-Lepage & Desislava Kolarova, 2008. "Knowledge Society And Transition Economies.The Bulgarian Challenge," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 2(2), pages 53-79, December.
  13. Manfred M. Fischer & Thomas Scherngell & Eva Jansenberger, 2005. "The Geography of Knowledge Spillovers between High-Technology Firms in Europe - Evidence from a Spatial Interaction Modelling Perspective," ERSA conference papers ersa05p5, European Regional Science Association.
  14. Parto, Saeed & Doloreux, David, 2004. "Regional Innovation Systems: A Critical Synthesis," UNU-INTECH Discussion Paper Series 17, United Nations University - INTECH.
  15. Kirsi Mukkala & Jari Ritsilä, 2004. "Role of regional policies in promoting networking and innovation activity of firms," ERSA conference papers ersa04p201, European Regional Science Association.
  16. Andersson, Martin & Karlsson, Charlie, 2004. "The Role of Accessibility for the Performance of Regional Innovation Systems," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 9, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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