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Impact of Active Labor Market Programs on Employment: Albania’s Case

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Author Info

  • Eleni VANGJELI

    ()
    (Finance–accounting departament Fan S. Noli University, Korce, Albania)

  • Sonela STILLO

    ()
    (Management Department, Fan S. Noli University, Korce, Albania)

  • Marinela TENEQEXHI

    ()
    (Management Department, Fan S. Noli University, Korce, Albania)

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    Abstract

    High variation of unemployment level in Albania for more than a decade shows that unemployment still remains a problem to solve. Given the conditions, the focus of employment policies is on increasing employment opportunities, in order to make unemployed people active in the labor market. This is the reason of applying many employment programs and making expenses for their funding. Most evaluation studies of active labor market policies (ALMPs) focus on micro-econometric evaluation. Only a few studies of ALMPs focus on macro-econometric evaluation. Also, most of the facts of evaluation belong to developing countries. During the last years, data on the analysis of the progress of these policies in transitional countries, Albania included, are made available. Our study focuses on the theoretical and empirical analysis of different types of active policies. Data used for the empirical analysis are those on employment policies in Albania during 1999 – 2010. Our study evaluates the impact of active labor-market programmers in Albania on the whole economy. The evaluation focuses on vocational training and on subsidized employment programmers in order to compare them. In analyzing the data, we drew the conclusion that a professional training program is a program with a positive impact on the level of employment (reducing unemployment), followed by a program of promoting employment through work education.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by ScientificPapers.org in its journal Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 16

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    Handle: RePEc:spp:jkmeit:1264

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    Web page: http://www.scientificpapers.org

    Related research

    Keywords: unemployment; employment policies; active programs; employment;

    References

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    1. Hujer, Reinhard & Caliendo, Marco & Thomsen, Stephan L., 2004. "New evidence on the effects of job creation schemes in Germany--a matching approach with threefold heterogeneity," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(4), pages 257-302, December.
    2. Reinhard Hujer & Stephan Thomsen & Christopher Zeiss, 2006. "The effects of vocational training programmes on the duration of unemployment in Eastern Germany," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer, vol. 90(2), pages 299-321, June.
    3. Calmfors, Lars & Forslund, Anders & Hemström, Maria, 2002. "Does Active Labour Market Policy Work? Lessons from the Swedish Experiences," Seminar Papers 700, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    4. Bocean, Claudiu George, 2007. "The Impact of Active Labour Market Policies in Romania," MPRA Paper 10397, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Jochen Kluve & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2002. "Can training and employment subsidies combat European unemployment?," Economic Policy, CEPR & CES & MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 409-448, October.
    6. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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