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Urban form and daily mobility. Methodological aspects and empirical study in the case of Bordeaux

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  • Pouyanne, Guillaume

Abstract

The influence of land use on daily mobility patterns can be described by the two dimensions of urban form: the first is quantitative, that is density, and the second is qualitative, that is land use mix. Empirical studies usually add control variables such as sociodemographic characteristics. They suppose that urban form factors and sociodemographic factors have a separate influence on travel patterns. In this paper, we first show the possibility of a causal relationship between urban form and sociodemographic characteristics. Thus previous results, which suppose that these two kinds of factors are separated, may be biased. It describes systematic relationships between urban form, socio-demographic characteristics, and daily mobility. As a consequence, we have to use specific econometric methods to test the motives of mobility. We develop a new tool: the ‘typological regressions’. Travel patterns in the metropolitan area of Bordeaux are then analyzed. Results allow to disentangle the interaction between land use patterns and travel behaviours.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10077/6154
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration in its journal European Transport / Trasporti Europei.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 44 ()
Pages: 76-95

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Handle: RePEc:sot:journl:y:2010:i:44:p:76-95

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Keywords: Compact city; Urban density; Urban form; Mobility; Land use patterns;

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  1. Andrea Cirilli & Paolo Veneri, 2009. "Spatial structure and mobility patterns: towards a taxonomy of the Italian urban systems," RIVISTA DI ECONOMIA E STATISTICA DEL TERRITORIO, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2009(1), pages 25-62.
  2. Hart, Rob, 2002. "Growth, environment, and culture--encompassing competing ideologies in one 'new growth' model," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 253-267, February.
  3. Ed Glaeser & Jed Kolko & Albert Saiz, 2000. "Consumer City," NBER Working Papers 7790, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Guillaume Pouyanne, 2005. "Land Use mix and Daily Mobility - the Case of Bordeaux, France," ERSA conference papers ersa05p84, European Regional Science Association.
  5. Camagni, Roberto & Gibelli, Maria Cristina & Rigamonti, Paolo, 2002. "Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 199-216, February.
  6. Camagni, Roberto & Capello, Roberta & Nijkamp, Peter, 1998. "Towards sustainable city policy: an economy-environment technology nexus," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 103-118, January.
  7. David Levinson & Ajay Kumar, 1997. "Density and the Journey to Work," Working Papers 199701, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
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