Urban form and daily mobility. Methodological aspects and empirical study in the case of Bordeaux
AbstractThe influence of land use on daily mobility patterns can be described by the two dimensions of urban form: the first is quantitative, that is density, and the second is qualitative, that is land use mix. Empirical studies usually add control variables such as sociodemographic characteristics. They suppose that urban form factors and sociodemographic factors have a separate influence on travel patterns. In this paper, we first show the possibility of a causal relationship between urban form and sociodemographic characteristics. Thus previous results, which suppose that these two kinds of factors are separated, may be biased. It describes systematic relationships between urban form, socio-demographic characteristics, and daily mobility. As a consequence, we have to use specific econometric methods to test the motives of mobility. We develop a new tool: the ‘typological regressions’. Travel patterns in the metropolitan area of Bordeaux are then analyzed. Results allow to disentangle the interaction between land use patterns and travel behaviours.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration in its journal European Transport / Trasporti Europei.
Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 44 ()
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Compact city; Urban density; Urban form; Mobility; Land use patterns;
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