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Exit Discrimination in Major League Baseball: 1990–2004

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  • Peter A. Groothuis

    ()
    (Department of Economics, 3093 Raley Hall, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA)

  • James Richard Hill

    ()
    (Department of Economics, 317 Sloan Hall, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859, USA)

Abstract

Using a panel study of annual Major League Baseball (MLB) data (1990–2004), we do not find evidence that race affects the career duration of black hitters. Our findings are inconsistent with results from a study by Jiobu (1988) who used 1971–1985 data that found that race decreased career length, ceteris paribus, for black hitters but not Hispanics. The difference in results could be due to our use of seasonal-variant data; Jiobu used only career statistics in his research. Another interpretation of the differing results is that market competition overcame discrimination. This could be interpreted as an affirmation of Becker’s theoretical work on discrimination. Our results for pitchers also do not indicate any exit discrimination against the minority groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 75 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (October)
Pages: 574-590

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Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:75:2:y:2008:p:574-590

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  1. Smith, James P & Welch, Finis R, 1989. "Black Economic Progress after Myrdal," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 27(2), pages 519-64, June.
  2. Lawrence M. Kahn, 1991. "Discrimination in professional sports: A survey of the literature," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(3), pages 395-418, April.
  3. Örn B. Bodvarsson & Raymond T. Brastow, 1999. "A Test Of Employer Discrimination In The Nba," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 17(2), pages 243-255, 04.
  4. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 75-94, Summer.
  5. Hoang, Ha & Rascher, Dan, 1999. "The NBA, Exit Discrimination, and Career Earnings," MPRA Paper 3542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Kahn, Lawrence M & Sherer, Peter D, 1988. "Racial Differences in Professional Basketball Players' Compensation," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 40-61, January.
  7. Peter A. Groothuis & J. Richard Hill, 2002. "Exit Discrimination in the NBA: A Duration Analysis of Career Length Using Flow and Stock Samples," Working Papers, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University 02-11, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  8. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  9. Bernt Bratsberg & Dek Terrell, 1998. "Experience, Tenure, and Wage Growth of Young Black and White Men," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(3), pages 658-682.
  10. Mark C. Berger & Dan A. Black, 1998. "The Duration Of Medicaid Spells: An Analysis Using Flow And Stock Samples," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 667-675, November.
  11. Donald J. Cymrot, 1985. "Does Competition Lessen Discrimination? Some Evidence," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 20(4), pages 605-612.
  12. Kanazawa, Mark T & Funk, Jonas P, 2001. "Racial Discrimination in Professional Basketball: Evidence from Nielsen Ratings," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(4), pages 599-608, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2009. "Correcting for Survival Effects in Cross Section Wage Equations Using NBA Data," Working Papers, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University 09-19, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  2. Johnny Ducking & Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2013. "Exit Discrimination in the NFL: A Duration Analysis of Career Length," Working Papers, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University 13-10, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  3. Johnny Ducking & Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2012. "Minimum Pay Scale and Career Length in the NBA," Working Papers, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University 12-02, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.
  4. Johnny Ducking & Peter A. Groothuis & James Richard Hill, 2013. "Compensation Discrimination in the NFL: An Analysis of Career Earnings," Working Papers, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University 13-25, Department of Economics, Appalachian State University.

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