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The Dissipation of Minimum Wage Gains for Workers through Labor-Labor Substitution: Evidence from the Los Angeles Living Wage Ordinance


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  • David Fairris

    (Department of Economics, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA)

  • Leon Fernandez Bujanda

    (Oficina de Investigaciones Econo´ micas, Banco Central de Venezuela, Av. Urdaneta, Esq. Carmelitas, Edf. Sede, Piso 2, Caracas, DC, Venezuela)

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    This paper utilizes worker-firm matched data on city contract establishments affected by the Los Angeles Living Wage Ordinance to explore the extent of labor-labor substitution following establishment of a minimum wage. We are able to test for substitution on observable and unobservable skill and demographic features and to measure the extent to which such substitution dissipates the benefits of a wage minimum for workers in affected firms. The results suggest substitution toward male, Latino, and black workers and workers possessing prior formal training. All are characteristics that generate a wage premium in this segment of the lowwage labor market in Los Angeles. Evidence for substitution based on unobservables is presented as well. The latter is revealed by the finding that the ‘‘before’’ wages of workers who are new to city contract work following the ordinance are significantly higher, conditional on observable characteristics, than the ‘‘before’’ wages of city contract workers who were hired preceding the ordinance. We estimate that the initial wage gain for workers is dissipated by roughly 27% through labor-labor substitution.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 (October)
    Pages: 473-496

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    Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:75:2:y:2008:p:473-496

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    Cited by:
    1. Neumark, David & Salas, J.M. Ian & Wascher, William, 2013. "Revisiting the Minimum Wage-Employment Debate: Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater?," IZA Discussion Papers 7166, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Aretz, Bodo & Arntz, Melanie & Gregory, Terry, 2012. "The minimum wage affects them all: Evidence on employment spillovers in the roofing sector," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-061, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Neumark, David & Thompson, Matthew & Koyle, Leslie, 2012. "The Effects of Living Wage Laws on Low-Wage Workers and Low-Income Families: What Do We Know Now?," IZA Discussion Papers 7114, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. David Neumark & Matthew Thompson & Francesco Brindisi & Leslie Koyle & Clayton Reck, 2012. "Estimating the Economic Impacts of Living Wage Mandates Using Ex Ante Simulations, Longitudinal Estimates, and New Public and Administrative Data: Evidence for New York City," NBER Working Papers 18055, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.


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