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The Impact of the Repeat-Voting-Habit Persistence Phenomenon on the Probability of Voting in Presidential Elections

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  • Richard J. Cebula

    ()
    (Economics Department, Armstrong Atlantic State University, 11935 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA 31419, USA)

  • Garey C. Durden

    (Economics Department, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA)

  • Patricia E. Gaynor

    (Economics Department, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA)

Abstract

This study extends the rational voter model to include a composite measure to capture the residual effects of internal, psychological, and/or sociological motivations not previously accounted for in empirical studies of voting in Presidential elections. These motives are referred to here as the ‘‘repeat-voting-habit persistence phenomenon,’’ and may, to a high degree, reflect the impacts of a sense of ‘‘civic duty’’ to vote, as well as what has previously been referred to as ‘‘social conditioning,’’ along with the simple ‘‘habit’’ of voting in Presidential elections. Estimations using data from the 1980 and 1984 Presidential elections strongly suggest that previously unmeasured externally generated and/or internal motives, which we capture in a variable called the repeat-voting-habit (REPVOTHAB), may exert a powerful influence on individual voting behavior. We believe models not including a variable such as REPVOTHAB are subject to specification bias.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 75 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (October)
Pages: 429-440

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Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:75:2:y:2008:p:429-440

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  1. Mark Burkey & Garey Durden, 1998. "The Political Economy of Clean Air Legislation," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 11(2), pages 119-134, March.
  2. Richard Cebula, 2004. "Expressiveness and voting: Alternative evidence," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 32(3), pages 216-221, September.
  3. Kirchgassner, Gebhard & Himmern, Anne Meyer Zu, 1997. " Expected Closeness and Turnout: An Empirical Analysis for the German General Elections, 1983-1994," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 91(1), pages 3-25, April.
  4. Gordon Tullock, 2006. "Some Thoughts on the Voting Process," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 34(1), pages 41-46, March.
  5. Kau, James B & Rubin, Paul H, 1979. "Self-Interest, Ideology, and Logrolling in Congressional Voting," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 365-84, October.
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  7. R. Tollison & T. Willett, 1973. "Some simple economics of voting and not voting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 59-71, September.
  8. Knack, Steve, 1994. " Does Rain Help the Republicans? Theory and Evidence on Turnout and the Vote," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 79(1-2), pages 187-209, April.
  9. Grofman, Bernard & Collet, Christian & Griffin, Robert, 1998. " Analyzing the Turnout-Competition Link with Aggregate Cross-Sectional Data," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 95(3-4), pages 233-46, June.
  10. Heckelman, J C, 1995. " The Effect of the Secret Ballot on Voter Turnout Rates," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 82(1-2), pages 107-24, January.
  11. Hird, John A, 1993. " Congressional Voting on Superfund: Self-Interest or Ideology?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 77(2), pages 333-57, October.
  12. Copeland, Cassandra & Laband, David N, 2002. " Expressiveness and Voting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 110(3-4), pages 351-63, March.
  13. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135.
  14. Matsusaka, John G & Palda, Filip, 1999. " Voter Turnout: How Much Can We Explain?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), pages 431-46, March.
  15. Garey Durden & Patricia Gaynor, 1987. "The rational behavior theory of voting participation: Evidence from the 1970 and 1982 elections," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 231-242, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Richard Cebula & Franklin Mixon, 2012. "Dodging the vote?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 325-343, February.

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