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Putting Out Fires: An Examination of the Determinants of State Clean Indoor-Air Laws


Author Info

  • Craig A. Gallet

    (Department of Economics, California State University at Sacramento)

  • Gary A. Hoover

    (Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies, University of Alabama)

  • Junsoo Lee

    (Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies, University of Alabama)


Although numerous studies have examined the effect of clean indoor-air laws on tobacco consumption, a handful of other studies have sought to address the demand for smoking restrictions. This paper adds to this body of research by using a random effects Probit procedure that controls for the endogeneity of cigarette consumption and cigarette taxes to estimate the determinants of clean indoor-air laws. By treating cigarette consumption and cigarette taxes as exogenous, we found that taxes complement smoking restrictions. However, when we accounted for endogeneity, the role of cigarette taxes shifted toward being a policy substitute. Results further revealed that the probability of a state adopting a smoking restriction is particularly sensitive to per capita cigarette consumption, political affiliation, metropolitan population, per capita income, and tobacco production.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 73 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (July)
Pages: 112–124

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Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:73:1:y:2006:p:112-124

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Cited by:
  1. Odermatt, Reto & Stutzer, Alois, 2013. "Smoking Bans, Cigarette Prices and Life Satisfaction," IZA Discussion Papers 7177, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Smith, Katherine Clegg & Siebel, Catherine & Pham, Luu & Cho, Juhee & Singer, Rachel Friedman & Chaloupka, Frank Joseph & Griswold, Michael & Wakefield, Melanie, 2008. "News on tobacco and public attitudes toward smokefree air policies in the United States," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 42-52, April.
  3. Michael T. Owyang & E. Katarina Vermann, 2012. "Where there’s a smoking ban, there’s still fire," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue July, pages 265-286.


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