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Transitions from Welfare and the Employment Prospects of Low-Skill Workers

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  • David C. Ribar

    ()
    (Department of Economics, The George Washington University)

Abstract

This study examines the effects that labor market conditions and welfare policy changes had on single mothers' welfare participation and economic outcomes using longitudinal, individual-level data from the 1992 and 1993 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The study uses special versions of the SIPP panels that include state and county identifiers and links the individual information to county-specific measures of low-skill employment opportunities and state measures of welfare policies. It estimates transition models of program entry and exit and regression models of economic outcomes. The study finds that employment conditions and welfare benefit levels were significant determinants of single mothers' welfare participation and economic success over the period 1992–95. However, it does not find statistically distinguishable differences in participation and economic success between states that did and did not reform their welfare programs through waivers to the federal rules.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Economic Association in its journal Southern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 71 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (January)
Pages: 514-533

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Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:71:3:y:2005:p:514-533

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Web page: http://www.southerneconomic.org/
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Cited by:
  1. John M. Fitzgerald & David Ribar, 2001. "The Impact of Welfare Waivers on Female Headship Decisions," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 247, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  2. Jeffrey Grogger, 2003. "Welfare Transitions in the 1990s: The Economy, Welfare Policy, and the EITC," NBER Working Papers 9472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Cappellari, Lorenzo & Jenkins, Stephen P., 2009. "The Dynamics of Social Assistance Benefit Receipt in Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 4457, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Chris Herbst & David Stevens, 2010. "The Impact of Local Labor Market Conditions on Work and Welfare Decisions: Revisiting an Old Question Using New Data," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 453-479, August.
  5. Peter R. Mueser & Kenneth Troske & William J. Carrington, 2002. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Leaver Characteristics, Employment and Recidivism," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Missouri 0205, Department of Economics, University of Missouri, revised 26 Aug 2002.
  6. Peter R. Mueser & Kenneth R. Troske & David R. Stevens, 2007. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Leaver Characteristics, Employment and Recidivism: An Analysis of Maryland and Missouri," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Missouri 0720, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  7. Jeounghee Kim, 2010. "Welfare-to-Work Programs and the Dynamics of TANF Use," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 198-211, June.
  8. Marianne P. Bitler & Jonah B. Gelbach & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2003. "Welfare Reform and Children's Living Arrangements," Working Papers, RAND Corporation Publications Department 111, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
  9. Fitzgerald, John M. & Ribar, David C., 2003. "Transitions in Welfare Participation and Female Headship," IZA Discussion Papers 895, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Jill Marie Gunderson & Julie L. Hotchkiss, 2004. "Job separation behavior of welfare recipients: results from a unique case study," Working Paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 2004-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  11. Julien O. Teitler & Nancy E. Reichman & Lenna Nepomnyaschy & Irwin Garfinkel, 2006. "Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage," Working Papers, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing. 933, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  12. Sheila Mammen & Daniel Lass & Sharon Seiling, 2009. "Labor Force Supply Decisions of Rural Low-Income Mothers," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 67-79, March.
  13. Nathan Berg & Todd Gabel, 2014. "New Reform Strategies and Welfare Participation in Canada," Working Papers, University of Otago, Department of Economics 1402, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2014.
  14. Jonathan F. Pingle, 2003. "What if welfare had no work requirements? the age of youngest child exemption and the rise in employment of single mothers," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 2003-57, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  15. Wu, Chi-Fang, 2011. "Long-term employment and earnings among low-income families with children," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 91-101, January.
  16. Lim, So Yeong & Chen, Susan E. & Waldorf, Brigitte S., 2011. "Age Differences And Macroeconomic Effects On Food Stamp Program Participation," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association 103783, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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