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Стратегии Институциональных Реформ. Перспективные Траектории


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  • Полтерович В.М.


Статья представляет собой первую часть работы, посвященной проблеме выбора стратегии институциональной реформы. Под стратегией понимается планируемая траектория изменения институтов во времени. Рассматриваются три типа стратегий: шоковая терапия, выращивание, стратегия промежуточных институтов. Вводится понятие перспективной траектории -имеющей высокие шансы на успех благодаря выполнению определенных требований. Перспективная траектория должна быть согласована с ресурсными, технологическими и институциональными ограничениями и предусматривать встроенные механизмы, стимулирующие запланированные изменения институтов и предотвращающие возникновение дисфункций и институциональных ловушек. В частности, перспективная траектория должна принимать во внимание особенности гражданской культуры и политический механизм принятия решений о реформах, учитывать статическую и динамическую комплементарность институтов, сдерживать перераспределительную активность и предусматривать компенсации тем, кто мог бы проиграть в результате реформенных мероприятий. Необходимо, чтобы институциональные изменения поддерживались мерами по формированию благоприятных институциональных ожиданий и государственной политикой стимулирования роста. Во второй части работы (Полтерович, 2006) предлагаемый аналитический аппарат будет использован для сопоставления реформ в Китае и России.

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Article provided by Центральный Экономико-Математический Институт (ЦЭМИ) in its journal Экономика и математические методы.

Volume (Year): 42 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (январь)

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Handle: RePEc:scn:cememm:42-1-1

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