Valuation of Customers in Growth Companies - a Scenario Based Model
AbstractIn this paper, we evaluate growth stocks by modeling a company´ s customer equity. We start with the observation that the number of customers in successful start-ups increases very quickly (exponentially) in the first few years. Then the customer base converges towards an industry average. On the other hand, the number of clients in poorly performing start-ups rap-idly declines until bankruptcy occurs. These observations imply a "bathtub" shape to the probability distribution for the number of customers in the initial years, i.e., low probabilities for the number of clients close to average but high probabilities for extreme realizations. The valuation procedure we present here is based on a binomial scenario tree technique for the number of clients and the cash flow generated by each client. We show that the model can explain higher company values than can traditional net present value calculations. Further-more, and in contrast to traditional valuation models, increasing the volatility in the change of the number of customers increases the value of each customer.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by LMU Munich School of Management in its journal Schmalenbach Business Review.
Volume (Year): 57 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Bathtub Distribution; Bifurcation; Customer Valuation; Customer Equity; Growth Company; Mean Reversion Process; Momentum Process; Real Option; Start-up; Valuation.;
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