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Technological and Institutional Changes in the Indonesian Rice Sector: From Intensification to Sustainable Revitalization

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  • Joko Mariyono

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, University of Pancasakti, Indonesia)

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    Abstract

    Agricultural development in Indonesia has been changing dynamically since the country’s independence. This paper reviews the rice sector as part of agricultural development in Indonesia. It is remarkable that the agricultural sector was ignored when the oil boom benefited Indonesian economy. As revenues from oil dropped significantly, the agricultural sector emerged as an engine of economic growth in the 1980s. As staple food, rice was posited as top priority. Various rice intensification programs coinciding with the Green Revolution were launched, and several institutions were established to support these programs. The result was so significant that Indonesia was able to achieve rice self-sufficiency by 1983. But with the growing critical awareness about sustainable development, the intensification programs lost their relevance. The programs were replaced with an environmentally sound policy. However, as the industrial sector grew, again, the agricultural sector was neglected until an economic crisis hit Indonesia in 1997 and rice self-sufficiency could not be sustained. Realizing the importance of the agricultural sector, it is now being developed in equal measure as other sectors. Under the current administration, an agricultural revitalization program has been implemented, and in 2008, Indonesia has achieved rice self-sufficiency for the second time.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture in its journal Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development.

    Volume (Year): 6 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 125-144

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    Handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:6:y:2009:i:2:p:125-144

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    Keywords: Indonesia; rice; technological change; institutional change;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Gershon Feder & Rinku Murgai & Jaime B. Quizon, 2004. "Sending Farmers Back to School: The Impact of Farmer Field Schools in Indonesia," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 26(1), pages 45-62.
    2. Vogel, Stephen J, 1994. "Structural Changes in Agriculture: Production Linkages and Agricultural Demand-Led Industrialization," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(1), pages 136-56, January.
    3. Piggott, Roley R. & Parton, Kevin A. & Treadgold, Elaine M. & Hutabarat, Budiman, 1993. "Food Price Policy in Indonesia," Monographs, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, number 118694.
    4. Adelman, Irma, 1984. "Beyond export-led growth," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(9), pages 937-949, September.
    5. Cleaver, Harry M, Jr, 1972. "The Contradictions of the Green Revolution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 62(2), pages 177-86, May.
    6. Neil McCulloch, 2008. "Rice Prices And Poverty In Indonesia," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(1), pages 45-64.
    7. Timmer, C. Peter, 2002. "Agriculture and economic development," Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Elsevier, in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 29, pages 1487-1546 Elsevier.
    8. Adelman, Irma, 1984. "Beyond export-led growth," CUDARE Working Paper Series, University of California at Berkeley, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy 309, University of California at Berkeley, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy.
    9. Hill,Hal, 2000. "The Indonesian Economy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521663670.
    10. Takamasa Akiyama & Donald F. Larson, 2004. "Rural Development and Agricultural Growth in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14745, August.
    11. Peter Warr, 2005. "Food Policy And Poverty In Indonesia: A General Equilibrium Analysis," Departmental Working Papers, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics 2005-03, The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics.
    12. Pretty, J. N. & Brett, C. & Gee, D. & Hine, R. E. & Mason, C. F. & Morison, J. I. L. & Raven, H. & Rayment, M. D. & van der Bijl, G., 2000. "An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 113-136, August.
    13. Niels Röling & Elske Fliert, 1994. "Transforming extension for sustainable agriculture: The case of integrated pest management in rice in Indonesia," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 96-108, March.
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