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The Effect of Location-Based Tax Incentives on Establishment Location and Employment across Industry Sectors

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Author Info

  • Andrew Hanson

    (Department of Economics, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA, ahanson@gsu.edu)

  • Shawn Rohlin

    (Department of Economics, University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA)

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    Abstract

    This article examines the potential for location-based employment tax incentives to have a differential effect on establishment location and employment across industry sectors. The authors model the differential effect of the location-based federal Empowerment Zone (EZ) wage tax credit on equilibrium labor and total cost savings across industry sectors. The model guides the empirical work, as the authors test the effect of the program across industry sectors. The empirical analysis shows that location-based tax incentives have a positive effect on firm location in some of the industries their model predicts and a negative effect in industries that could be crowded out.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by in its journal Public Finance Review.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 195-225

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    Handle: RePEc:sae:pubfin:v:39:y:2011:i:2:p:195-225

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    Related research

    Keywords: tax incentives; industry location; redevelopment policy;

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    Cited by:
    1. Shelley M. Kimelberg & Elizabeth Williams, 2013. "Evaluating the Importance of Business Location Factors: The Influence of Facility Type," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 44(1), pages 92-117, 03.
    2. Hanson, Andrew & Rohlin, Shawn, 2013. "Do spatially targeted redevelopment programs spillover?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 86-100.
    3. P. Givord & S. Quantin & C. Trevien, 2012. "A Long-Term Evaluation of the First Generation of the French Urban Enterprise Zones," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2012-01, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.

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