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Innovative clusters: global or local linkages?


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  • James Simmie
  • James Sennett

    (Oxford Brookes University, School of Planning, Gipsy Lane Campus, Headington, Oxford, OX3 0BP)

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    The idea of industrial clusters forming the basis of regional economic growth has moved rapidly from academe to policy. This research, which forms part of the ESRC Cities: Cohesion and Competitiveness Programme, suggests that greater clarity is needed in defining and applying the concept in different regions. Several different types of clusters have already been identified. The precise basis of their relative success also seems to be different according to the degree of globalisation present and the position that regions occupy in their national hierarchies. In the case of London and the South East, the research shows that the internal characteristics of firms, the 'pick and mix' possibilities of a large agglomeration, and its position as an international trading gatweway, are critical for success ful innovation in the region.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by National Institute of Economic and Social Research in its journal National Institute Economic Review.

    Volume (Year): 170 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 (October)
    Pages: 87-98

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    Handle: RePEc:sae:niesru:v:170:y::i:1:p:87-98

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    1. repec:dgr:uvatin:2007100 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. McCann, Philip & Arita, Tomokazu & Gordon, Ian R., 2002. "Industrial clusters, transactions costs and the institutional determinants of MNE location behaviour," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(6), pages 647-663, December.
    3. Yusuf, Shahid, 2001. "Globalization and the challenge for developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2618, The World Bank.


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