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NCAA Scholarship Limits and Competitive Balance in College Football

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  • Daniel Sutter

    (University of Oklahoma)

  • Stephen Winkler

    (Oklahoma Publishing Company)

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    Abstract

    Conventional wisdom holds that parity has increased in college football in recent decades due largely to limits on the number of scholarships teams can offer. The authors find that competitive balance has not increased in college football since the end of World War II, and they find mixed evidence of scholarship limits' effect on a range of measures of parity, including the standard deviation of winning percentages and Associated Press rankings. They also examine the 1991 NCAA roll-call vote to reduce the scholarship limit and find some evidence that stronger teams were more likely to vote for the lower limit.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by in its journal Journal of Sports Economics.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 3-18

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    Handle: RePEc:sae:jospec:v:4:y:2003:i:1:p:3-18

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    Keywords: Football; NCAA;

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    Cited by:
    1. Jaret Treber & Rachel Levy & Victor Matheson, 2011. "Gender Differences in Competitive Balance in Intercollegiate Basketball," Working Papers 1117, International Association of Sports Economists & North American Association of Sports Economists.
    2. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2007. "Markets: Cartel Behavior and Amateurism in College Sports," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(1), pages 209-226, Winter.
    3. Aju Fenn & Peter Allmen & Stacey Brook & Thomas Preissing, 2005. "The Influence of Structural Changes and International Players on Competitive Balance in the NHL," Atlantic Economic Journal, International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 33(2), pages 215-224, June.
    4. Pelnar, Gregory, 2007. "Antitrust Analysis of Sports Leagues," MPRA Paper 5382, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kahn, Lawrence M., 2006. "The Economics of College Sports: Cartel Behavior vs. Amateurism," IZA Discussion Papers 2186, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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