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Fighting over Oil: Introducing a New Dataset

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Author Info

  • Päivi Lujala

    (Department of Economics Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim, Norway, Centre for the Study of Civil War International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) Oslo, Norway, paivi.lujala@svt.ntnu.no)

  • Jan Ketil Rod

    (Department of Geography Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Trondheim, Norway, Centre for the Study of Civil War International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) Oslo, Norway)

  • Nadja Thieme

    (Institute for Cartography Dresden University of Technology Dresden, Germany)

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    Abstract

    Recent research on armed civil conflict has suggested that oil-producing countries tend to experience conflict more often than their non-oil-producing counterparts. However, this research relies on weak and incomplete measures of petroleum resources. To facilitate more rigorous research on the possible links between hydrocarbons and conflict, this paper presents and describes a new global dataset, PETRODATA. The dataset includes 890 onshore and 383 offshore locations with geographic coordinates and information on the first oil or gas discovery and production year. PETRODATA allows researchers to control for both the spatial and temporal overlap of regions with hydrocarbon reserves and armed conflict. To illustrate the use of data, we conduct a duration analysis on the types of armed civil conflict. The results suggest that oil and gas located in conflict area lengthen governmental conflicts but have no effect on conflicts over territory.

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    File URL: http://cmp.sagepub.com/content/24/3/239.abstract
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Peace Science Society (International) in its journal Conflict Management and Peace Science.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 3 (July)
    Pages: 239-256

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    Handle: RePEc:sae:compsc:v:24:y:2007:i:3:p:239-256

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    Web page: http://pss.la.psu.edu/

    Related research

    Keywords: armed conflict; oil; gas; natural resources; geographic information systems (GIS);

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    Cited by:
    1. Joan Esteban & Massimo Morello & Dominic Rohner, 2010. "Strategic Mass Killings," OxCarre Working Papers 045, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
    2. Francesco Caselli & Massimo Morelli & Dominic Rohner, 2013. "The Geography of Inter-State Resource Wars," HiCN Working Papers 146, Households in Conflict Network.
    3. Brunnschweiler, Christa N. & Valente, Simone, 2013. "Property Rights, Oil and Income Levels: Over a Century of Evidence," MPRA Paper 52203, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Andersen, Jørgen Juel & Aslaksen, Silje, 2013. "Oil and political survival," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(1), pages 89-106.
    5. Toft, Peter, 2011. "Intrastate conflict in oil producing states: A threat to global oil supply?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(11), pages 7265-7274.

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