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Failed Democracies: Cross-Sectional Analysis on Economic Determinants of Democratic Transitions and on the Role of Electoral Authoritarianism During the Third Wave of Democratization

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  • Giorgio Chiovelli

    ()
    (University of Bologna)

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    Abstract

    What are the economic and social factors behind the democratic transitions during the Third Wave of democratization? Do pre-transition political regimes affect the probability of democratization? This article attempts to answer these two questions for the period known as the Third Wave (1975-2006). With the use of a cross-sectional database of 152 countries and estimates obtained using a probit model, I identify human capital as the engine of democratization. Analyzing the role of electoral authoritarianism (regimes with elections but relying on authoritarian governance practices), I find that these regimes have a strong negative impact on the probability of democratization.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by SIPI Spa in its journal Rivista di Politica Economica.

    Volume (Year): (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October-December)
    Pages: 71-100

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    Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:y:2011:i:4:p:71-100

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    Related research

    Keywords: democratization; electoral authoritarian regimes; human capital; institutions;

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