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Moral Hazard in Financial Markets: Inefficient Equilibria and Monetary Policies

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  • Alessandro Fedele

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Milano – Bicocca)

Abstract

This paper presents a moral hazard model of financing in which borrowers adopt two modes of f inance, either issuing bonds or applying for bank loans. The bond rate is set by the borrowers, while the loan rate is chosen by a monopolistic bank. Bank finance ameliorates the moral hazard problem by monitoring borrowers. Monetary interventions, which affect real economy through the bank lending channel, are justified on the basis of welfare. When the informational problem is not severe, monitoring is wasteful and welfare is enhanced through a monetary tightening. When the moral hazard problem is severe, monitoring is useful and welfare is increased by a monetary expansion.

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Article provided by SIPI Spa in its journal Rivista di Politica Economica.

Volume (Year): 96 (2006)
Issue (Month): 5 (September-October)
Pages: 111-134

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Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:v:96:y:2006:i:5:p:111-134

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  1. Anil K. Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein & David W. Wilcox, 1991. "Monetary policy and credit conditions: evidence from the composition of external finance," Finance and Economics Discussion Series, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 154, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Gertler, M. & Gilchrist, S., 1993. "Monetary Policy, Business Cycles and the Behavior of Small Manufacturing Firms," Working Papers, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University 93-02, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  3. James, Christopher, 1987. "Some evidence on the uniqueness of bank loans," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 217-235, December.
  4. Ben S. Bernanke & Alan S. Blinder, 1988. "Credit, Money, and Aggregate Demand," NBER Working Papers 2534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Holmström, Bengt & Tirole, Jean, 1994. "Financial Intermediation, Loanable Funds and the Real Sector," IDEI Working Papers 40, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  6. Diamond, Douglas W, 1984. "Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 393-414, July.
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