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Varieties, Jobs and EU Enlargement

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  • Tito Boeri

    (Università «Bocconi» - Milano)

  • Joaquim Oliveira Martins

    (OECD, Paris)

Abstract

Small open economies can grow faster than their neighbours without running into a balance of payment crises if they succeed in increasing the number of differentiated goods produced domestically. A further increase in the number of varieties produced in Central and Eastern Europe will require more worker and job re-allocation as production is still largely concentrated in homogeneous good and scale-intensive industries and enterprise density is significantly lower than in Western Europe. Unemployment benefits can support this process by providing seed capital for self-employment choices. But they should be neither too low nor too high. Otherwise, they would prevent restructuring or discourage job search.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by SIPI Spa in its journal Rivista di Politica Economica.

Volume (Year): 92 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (January-February)
Pages: 139-178

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Handle: RePEc:rpo:ripoec:v:92:y:2002:i:1:p:139-178

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  1. Damien NEVEN, 1994. "Trade Liberalisation with Eastern Nations. How Sensitive ?," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 9407, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  2. Robert C. Feenstra & Maria Yang & Gary G. Hamilton, 1997. "Business Groups and Trade in East Asia: Part 2, Product Variety," NBER Working Papers 5887, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Matsuyama Kiminori, 1995. "New Goods, Market Formations, and Pitfalls of System Design," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 376-402, December.
  4. Daniel Daianu, 1996. "Stabilization and exchange rate policy in Romania ," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 4(1), pages 229-248, 05.
  5. Djankov, Simeon & Hoekman, Bernard, 1996. "Intra-Industry Trade, Foreign Direct Investment and the Reorientation of East European Exports," CEPR Discussion Papers 1377, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Tito Boeri, 1994. ""Transitional" unemployment," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 2(1), pages 1-25, 03.
  7. Paul Krugman, 1988. "Differences In Income Elasticities and Trends in Real Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 2761, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
  9. A. Richter & M.E. Schaffer, 1996. "The Performance of De Novo Private Firms in Russian Manufacturing," CERT Discussion Papers 9610, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
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Cited by:
  1. Ralf Ruhwedel & Michael Funke, 2004. "Trade, Product Variety and Welfare: A Quantitative Assessment for the Transition Economies in Central and Eastern Europe," Quantitative Macroeconomics Working Papers 20401, Hamburg University, Department of Economics.
  2. Michael Funke & Ralf Ruhwedel, 2005. "Export variety and economic growth in East European transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 13(1), pages 25-50, 01.
  3. Michael Bolle & José Caétano & Jaakko Kiander & Vladimir Lavrac & Renzo Orsi & Tiiu Paas & Katarzyna Zukrowska, 2002. "The Eastward Enlargement of the Eurozone - State of the Art Report," Eastward Enlargement of the Euro-zone Working Papers wp02, Free University Berlin, Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, revised 01 Jan 2002.
  4. Rutkowski, Jan, 2004. "Firms, jobs, and employment in Moldova," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3253, The World Bank.
  5. Frensch, Richard, 2004. "Public governance as the source of quality and variety gains from transition," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 388-408, September.

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