The Impact of Public R&D Funding on Open Innovation
AbstractWhile the effects of public R&D funding on innovation inputs, outputs and strategies of firms have been studied extensively, little is known about the impact public R&D funding may have on open innovation practices. We made several hypotheses about different effects of public subsidies from the open innovation point of view and then tested these hypotheses with data that comes from a survey on innovation practices in China, Finland and Spain. More specifically, the prevalence of open innovation in a country was hypothesized to be related to the level of public R&D funding. The results show that Chinese firms make external technology/IP acquisitions more often, as well as engage more frequently in selling of intellectual assets, than their Spanish (and Finnish) counterparts. The results also show that Chinese firms are less likely to make new collaboration agreements after participating in publicly funded R&D projects. The findings therefore generally support the idea that a lower level of available public R&D funding facilitates the adoption of open innovation practices in firms.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania in its journal ECONOMIA seria MANAGEMENT / ECONOMY - MANAGEMENT series.
Volume (Year): 15 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
intellectual assets; open innovation; public subsidies; R&D collaboration.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
- O32 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
- O34 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
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