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The Effect of Ownership Structure on Prices in Geographically Differentiated Industries

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  • Raphael Thomadsen

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    (University of California, Los Angeles)

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    Abstract

    I analyze how ownership structure and market geography jointly influence fast food prices. I estimate a model of demand and supply that accounts for the market geography and run counterfactual experiments that demonstrate how mergers affect prices. I find that the impact of mergers can be large, that this impact decreases as the merging outlets are farther apart, that mergers among market leaders generally increase prices more than mergers among weaker firms, and that mergers can increase prices even if the outlets are so far apart that neither outletï¿•s presence affects prices at the other before the merger.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by The RAND Corporation in its journal RAND Journal of Economics.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 4 (Winter)
    Pages: 908-929

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    Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:36:y:2005:4:p:908-929

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    Cited by:
    1. Charles Moul & Joseph Keller, 2014. "Time to Unbridle U.S. Thoroughbred Racetracks? Lessons from Australian Bookies," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 211-239, May.
    2. Pennerstorfer, Dieter & Weiss, Christoph, 2013. "Spatial clustering and market power: Evidence from the retail gasoline market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 661-675.
    3. Gayle, Philip & Luo, Zijun, 2012. "Choosing between Order-of-Entry Assumptions in Empirical Entry Models: Evidence from Competition between Burger King and McDonald’s Restaurant Outlets," MPRA Paper 51259, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2013.
    4. Dieter Pennerstorfer, 2014. "Price and Quality Competition in Spatial Markets. The Case of Camping Sites," WIFO Working Papers 466, WIFO.
    5. Carlo Russo, 2012. "Estimating Market Power with Weak A Priori Information: An Exploratory Approach to the Model-Specification Problem," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 339-354, June.
    6. Mitsuru Sunada, 2012. "Competition among movie theaters: an empirical investigation of the Toho–Subaru antitrust case," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 179-206, August.
    7. Miller, Nathan H. & Osborne, Matthew, 2014. "Consistency and asymptotic normality for equilibrium models with partially observed outcome variables," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 123(1), pages 70-74.
    8. Sumon Datta & K. Sudhir, 2013. "Does reducing spatial differentiation increase product differentiation? Effects of zoning on retail entry and format variety," Quantitative Marketing and Economics, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 83-116, March.
    9. Toivanen, Otto & Waterson, Michael, 2011. "Retail Chain Expansion: The Early Years of McDonalds in Great Britain," CEPR Discussion Papers 8534, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Manuszak, Mark D., 2010. "Predicting the impact of upstream mergers on downstream markets with an application to the retail gasoline industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 99-111, January.

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