On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets with Time-Invariant Retail Prices
AbstractMost customers in electricity markets do not face prices that change frequently to reflect changes in wholesale costs, known as real-time pricing (RTP). We show that not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to prices and investment that are not first best, it even fails to achieve the constrained second-best optimum. Increasing the share of customers on RTP is likely to improve efficiency, though surprisingly it does not necessarily reduce capacity investment, and it is likely to harm customers that are already on RTP. Simulations demonstrate that the efficiency gains from RTP are potentially quite significant.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by The RAND Corporation in its journal RAND Journal of Economics.
Volume (Year): 36 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 (Autumn)
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Web page: http://www.rje.org
Other versions of this item:
- Severin Borenstein & Stephen P. Holland, 2003. "On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices," NBER Working Papers 9922, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- L9 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities
- L8 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services
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