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Agricultura y empleo rural agropecuario en Bolivia. Consecuencias del control de precios en el sector agropecuario

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  • Vera, Diego Alejandro

    ()
    (Universidad de Chile)

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    Abstract

    Los controles de precios son medidas que pueden afectar considerablemente a los sectores sujetos a dichas políticas. Mediante un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico estocástico con dos tipos de agentes: campesinos y citadinos, calibrado para Bolivia, se muestra que, ante caídas en la productividad del sector agropecuario, el empleo rural agropecuario y la producción agropecuaria se ven mermadas cuando existen controles de precios. Asimismo, mejoras de productividad en el sector rural no agropecuario representan menores ganancias con precios fijos en relación a un mecanismo que permita que los precios se ajusten. En una simulación de las políticas realizadas en 2009 en Bolivia se encuentra que éstas generan desequilibrios en los mercados, provocando escasez de los productos agropecuarios en magnitudes considerables.

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    File URL: http://www.iisec.ucb.edu.bo/journal/articulos/1704.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana in its journal Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico.

    Volume (Year): (2012)
    Issue (Month): 17 (Mayo)
    Pages: 113-134

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:revlde:1704

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Universidad católica Boliviana San Pablo, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio Económicas, Av. 14 de septiembre 4807. Obrajes, La Paz, Bolivia
    Phone: (591-2) 784159
    Fax: (591-2) 786707
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    Web page: http://www.iisec.ucb.edu.bo
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    Related research

    Keywords: Control de precios; empleo rural; agricultura;

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    1. Bardhan, Pranab & Udry, Christopher, 1999. "Development Microeconomics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773719, October.
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