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The paths from walk preference to walk behavior: Applying latent factors in structural equation modeling

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Author Info

  • Coogan, Matthew A.

    ()
    (New England Transportation Institute)

  • Adler, Thomas

    (Resource Systems Group Inc.)

  • Karash, Karla

    (TranSystems Inc.)

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    Abstract

    A structural regression model has been developed to explore the relationship among key factors in the explanation of utilitarian walking. The model examines the relationship between and among unobserved, or “latent,” factors that reflect (1) the values and preferences operant at the time of residential selection; (2) the urban form of the neighborhood; (3) the urban form of the residence; (4) the level of auto dependency; and (5) the extent to which the neighborhood is found satisfactory by the participant and those whose opinions he/she respects. The model allows the detailed examination of the paths from initial inclination toward a neighborhood with walkable destinations, through a series of mediating unobserved factors, each of which might either impede or facilitate the adoption of utilitarian walking. Analysis of the model results shows that values and preferences held at the time of residential selection are directly associated with the amount of utilitarian walking undertaken and indirectly associated, through their influence, on the choice of the built environment and the extent of auto orientation. The model is designed to facilitate the observation of the manner in which the various factors interact.

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    File URL: http://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu/article/download/269/270
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota in its journal The Journal of Transport and Land Use.

    Volume (Year): 5 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 68-82

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:jtralu:0092

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    Web page: http://www.jtlu.org/index.php/jtlu
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    Related research

    Keywords: walking; structural equation modeling; residential selection; attitudes; urban form; auto dependency;

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    1. Frank, Lawrence Douglas & Saelens, Brian E. & Powell, Ken E. & Chapman, James E., 2007. "Stepping towards causation: Do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 65(9), pages 1898-1914, November.
    2. Patricia L. Mokhtarian & Michael N. Bagley, 2002. "The impact of residential neighborhood type on travel behavior: A structural equations modeling approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 279-297.
    3. Joan Walker & Jieping Li, 2007. "Latent lifestyle preferences and household location decisions," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 77-101, April.
    4. I Salomon & M Ben-Akiva, 1983. "The use of the life-style concept in travel demand models," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 15(5), pages 623-638, May.
    5. Giuliano, Genevieve, 1995. "The Weakening Transportation-Land Use Connection," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1dn8t3w7, University of California Transportation Center.
    6. Anable, Jillian, 2005. "'Complacent Car Addicts' or 'Aspiring Environmentalists'? Identifying travel behaviour segments using attitude theory," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 65-78, January.
    7. Prevedouros, Panos D., 1992. "Associations of personality characteristics with transport behavior and residence location decisions," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 381-391, September.
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