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Harrod, Kaldor, and the Idea of the "Foreign Trade Multiplier” - Harrod, Kaldor e l’idea dell’esistenza di un “moltiplicatore del commercio estero”

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  • Soro, Bruno

    ()
    (Università degli Studi di Genova, Facoltà di Giurisprudenza)

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    Abstract

    Many authors, inspired by the so-called ‘post-Keynesian’ theories, focused their attention on the idea of the ‘Harrod’s foreign trade multiplier’ which is different from the traditional open market Keynesian multiplier. This idea, re-discovered by Nicholas Kaldor, is a topical subject in the current debate on the so-called Thirlwall’s Law, that he considered as the ‘dynamic’ version of that multiplier. In the light of the different editions of International Economics and of the precious papers collected in the recent publication of the Collected Interwar Papers and Correspondence of Roy Harrod edited by Daniele Besomi, we notice how Harrod kept his distance from that idea: after a long discussion with Kahn, Robertson, Meade and Keynes, he denied the existence of an automatic mechanism to adjust the balance of payments, as maintained in the Kaldorian tradition. - L’idea dell’esistenza di un “moltiplicatore del commercio estero di Harrod” distinto dal tradizionale moltiplicatore keynesiano di mercato aperto è da tempo oggetto di attenzione da parte di numerosi autori che si ispirano al filone di pensiero cosiddetto “post-keynesiano”. Riscoperta da Nicholas Kaldor, quell’idea è tornata di attualità nell’ambito del dibattito sulla cosiddetta “legge di Thirlwall”, che il suo stesso ideatore considera la versione “dinamica” del “moltiplicatore del commercio estero di Harrod”. Alla luce delle varie edizioni di International Economics e della preziosa documentazione contenuta nella recente edizione dei Collected Interwar Papers and Correspondence of Roy Harrod (CIPC) curata da Daniele Besomi, emerge chiaramente come, alla fine di una lunga discussione che ha visto impegnati Kahn, Robertson, Meade e lo stesso Keynes, diversamente da quanto si sostiene nella tradizione kaldoriana, Harrod abbia preso le distanze dalla sua idea originaria.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Camera di Commercio di Genova in its journal Economia Internazionale / International Economics.

    Volume (Year): 65 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 173-187

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0644

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    Keywords: Harrod; Kaldor; Growth Theories; Foreign Trade Multiplier;

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    1. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "Balance of payments constrained growth models: history and overview," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 307-351.
    2. Daniele Besomi, 2000. "On the Spread of an Idea: The Strange Case of Mr. Harrod and the Multiplier," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 32(2), pages 347-380, Summer.
    3. A.P. Thirlwall, 1974. "Regional Economic Disparities and Regional Policy in the Common Market," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 11(1), pages 1-12, February.
    4. Dixon, R & Thirlwall, A P, 1975. "A Model of Regional Growth-Rate Differences on Kaldorian Lines," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 201-14, July.
    5. Boyer, Robert & Petit, Pascal, 1989. "Kaldor's growth theories : past, present and prospects," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 8905, CEPREMAP.
    6. Anthony Philip Thirlwall, 1979. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 32(128), pages 45-53.
    7. A. P. Thirlwall, 1983. "A Plain Man's Guide to Kaldor's Growth Laws," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 5(3), pages 345-358, April.
    8. Boggio, Luciano, 1996. "Growth and international competitiveness in a 'Kaldorian' perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 299-320, September.
    9. Robert W. Dimand, 2000. "Hawtrey on the Keynesian Multiplier: A Response to Ahiakpor," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 32(4), pages 909-914, Winter.
    10. Daniele Besomi, 1997. "Statics and dynamics in harrod's trade cycle," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(2), pages 181-209.
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