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Convergence et performances des systèmes bancaires des pays de l’OCDE

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  • Boussemart, Jean Philippe

    (GREMARS)

  • Saidane, Dhafer

    (GREMARS)

Abstract

The internationalization and deregulation of banking systems make convergence analysis of their performance essential. In the present article, we focus on the evolution of production performance and costs of banking sectors in major OECD countries. The convergence of these indicator levels is assessed using methods based on distance functions. This approach not only provides a historical perspective of banking system performance but also enables to compare it with the best practices within the sample without imposing too restrictive assumptions such as technical or allocative efficiency or constant returns to scale. The empirical study concerns seventeen countries, eight of which in the Eurozone, over the period 1988-1998. The results show statistical evidence of catching-up with leading countries situated on the frontiers of production and cost efficiency. If our results indicate that the convergence process of banking system performance is a complex phenomenon, it undeniably reveals catching up effects of the national sectors with the leaders located on their production and cost frontiers. L’internationalisation et la déréglementation des systèmes bancaires rendent indispensable l’analyse de la convergence de leurs performances. Dans cet article nous nous focalisons sur l’évolution des performances productives et des coûts de production des secteurs bancaires au sein des principaux pays de l’OCDE. En vue d’étudier la convergence des niveaux de ces indicateurs, nous proposons des méthodes d’estimation de la technologie de référence et de la fonction de coût basées sur la notion de fonction distance. Ces approches permettent de comparer les performances des systèmes bancaires non seulement à leur propre passé mais aussi aux meilleures pratiques observées dans le groupe sans imposer a priori trop d’hypothèses restrictives comme l’absence d’inefficacité technique et/ou allocative et les rendements d’échelle constants. Notre étude empirique concerne 17 pays, dont 8 appartenant à la zone euro, sur la période 1988-1998. Si nos résultats indiquent que le processus de convergence des performances bancaires est un phénomène complexe, ils révèlent indéniablement des effets de rattrapage des secteurs nationaux vis-à-vis des leaders situés sur leur frontière d’efficacité productive et de coût.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 81 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 617-664

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:81:y:2005:i:4:p:617-664

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