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Mobilité internationale des facteurs de production en situation de chômage et de libre-échange

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  • Tremblay, Rodrigue

    (Université de Montréal)

Abstract

This paper surveys theoretical and empirical studies on the possible effects of the international mobility of factors of production. Results from the basic model are established when full employment and complete market-clearing prevail. Results of various analyses are identified when unemployment prevails. In this case, it does not follow that uncontrolled mobility of factors of production results in a net gain, neither for the host country nor for the world economy. Empirical research studies offer general support, especially since 1980, in the United States and since 1978, in Canada, to the conclusions of theoretical analyses, when the full employment assumption is relaxed. Cet article fait un recensement des analyses théoriques et empiriques concernant les effets possibles de la mobilité internationale des facteurs de production. Les résultats et les recommandations du modèle de base sont établis quand prévalent le plein-emploi et l’ajustement complet des marchés. Les résultats des diverses analyses, dans un contexte de chômage structurel, sont ensuite identifiés. Dans ce dernier cas, il n’est plus établi que la mobilité incontrôlée des facteurs de production résulte en un gain net, ni pour le pays d’accueil, ni pour l’économie mondiale. Les vérifications empiriques, surtout depuis 1980 aux États-Unis et depuis 1978 au Canada, tendent à confirmer les analyses théoriques qui s’éloignent du postulat de plein-emploi.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 74 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
Pages: 245-271

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:74:y:1998:i:2:p:245-271

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  1. J.P. Neary, 1995. "Factor Mobility and International Trade," CEP Discussion Papers dp0248, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. George J. Borjas & Richard B. Freeman & Lawrence F. Katz, 1996. "Searching for the Effect of Immigration on the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 5454, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. George J. Borjas, 1991. "National Origin and the Skills of Immigrants in the Postwar Period," NBER Working Papers 3575, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. John M. Abowd & Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number abow91-1, octubre-d.
  5. Gary Burtless, 1995. "International Trade and the Rise in Earnings Inequality," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(2), pages 800-816, June.
  6. David E. Bloom & Gilles Grenier & Morley Gunderson, 1995. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 987-1005, November.
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  8. Calvo, Guillermo & Wellisz, Stanislaw, 1983. "International factor mobility and national advantage," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1-2), pages 103-114, February.
  9. Jones, Ronald W. & Coelho, Isaias & Easton, Stephen T., 1986. "The theory of international factor flows: The basic model," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3-4), pages 313-327, May.
  10. Joseph G. Altonji & David Card, 1991. "The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives," NBER Chapters, in: Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market, pages 201-234 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Robert J. LaLonde & Robert H. Topel, 1989. "Labor Market Adjustments to Increased Immigration," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 55, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  12. Ruffin, Roy J., 1984. "International factor movements," Handbook of International Economics, in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 5, pages 237-288 Elsevier.
  13. Elise S. Brezis & Paul Krugman, 1993. "Immigration, Investment and Real Wages," NBER Working Papers 4563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Alan G. Green & David A. Green, 1995. "Canadian Immigration Policy: The Effectiveness of the Point System and Other Instruments," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 1006-41, November.
  15. Marr, William L. & Siklos, Pierre L., 1994. "The link between immigration and unemployment in Canada," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, February.
  16. Brecher, Richard A. & Choudhri, Ehsan U., 1987. "International migration versus foreign investment in the presence of unemployment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3-4), pages 329-342, November.
  17. Wright, Robert E & Maxim, Paul S, 1993. "Immigration Policy and Immigrant Quality: Empirical Evidence from Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 337-52, November.
  18. Webb, L Roy, 1970. "International Factor Movement and the National Advantage: A Comment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 37(145), pages 81-84, February.
  19. Bhagwati, Jagdish N. & Srinivasan, T. N., 1983. "On the choice between capital and labour mobility," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3-4), pages 209-221, May.
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