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Une réduction de la semaine légale de travail augmente-t-elle la demande de travailleurs?

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  • Fortin, Bernard

    (Groupe de Recherche en Politique Économique, Université Laval)

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical model of the impact of a reduction of standard working time on the demand for workers. The model endogenizes the decision of the firm for overtime hours. Substitution and scale effects associated with this policy are examined using duality theorems under rationing. Simulations illustrate the limits in the potential of this policy for creating jobs in a small open economy. Dans cet article, nous présentons un modèle théorique de l’impact de la réduction de la semaine de travail sur la demande de travailleurs. Le modèle permet en particulier l’endogénéisation de la décision de l’entreprise d’embaucher à temps supplémentaire. Les effets de substitution et d’échelle associés à cette politique sont mis en évidence à l’aide des théorèmes de dualité en présence de rationnement. Les simulations présentées illustrent clairement les limites dans le potentiel de création d’emploi de cette politique, dans le contexte d’une petite économie ouverte comme le Québec.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 65 (1989)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
Pages: 423-442

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:65:y:1989:i:3:p:423-442

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  1. Gary S. Becker & H. Gregg Lewis, 1974. "Interaction between Quantity and Quality of Children," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 81-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Hoel, Michael, 1986. "Employment and Allocation Effects of Reducing the Length of the Workday," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 53(29), pages 75-85, February.
  3. Hoel, Michael & Vale, Bent, 1986. "Effects on unemployment of reduced working time in an economy where firms set wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1097-1104, October.
  4. Theodore W. Schultz, 1974. "Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number schu74-1.
  5. Neary, J.P & Roberts, K.W.S, 1978. "The Theory of Household Behaviour under Rationing," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 132, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  6. Burkhauser, Richard V & Turner, John A, 1978. "A Time-Series Analysis on Social Security and Its Effect on the Market Work of Men at Younger Ages," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(4), pages 701-15, August.
  7. Frank Reid, 1986. "Combatting Unemployment through Work Time Reductions," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 12(2), pages 275-285, June.
  8. Toedter, Karl-Heinz, 1988. "Effects of shorter hours on employment in disequilibrium models," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1319-1333, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Michael Huberman & Paul Lanoie, 1998. "Worksharing in Québec: Five Case Studies," CIRANO Working Papers 98s-11, CIRANO.
  2. Paul Lanoie & François Raymond & Bruce S. Shearer, 1996. "Work Sharing and Productivity : Evidence from a Natural Experiment," CIRANO Working Papers 96s-06, CIRANO.
  3. Michael Huberman & Paul Lanoie, 2000. "Changing Attitudes Toward Worksharing: Evidence from Quebec," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(2), pages 141-155, June.

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