Agricultural Productivity, Banditry and Criminal Organisations in Post-Unification Italy
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to show that in the period after Italian unification in 1861 two very important criminal phenomena in Southern Italy, banditry and organised crime, became rooted in the structure of rural and land organisation. We develop a simple model to show that organised crime has a greater incentive to offer protection when economic development and land productivity are relatively high and the state is unable to provide adequate protection for property rights. The model is tested on the provinces in Southern Italy in the late nineteenth century and then on Sicilian towns in the early 1900s. Other findings suggest that banditry spread in the poorest areas of the South where land ownership was highly concentrated and productivity was low. On the other hand, organised crime developed only in the wealthiest areas. Finally, there was an inverse relation between the intensity of banditry and that of organised crime.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by SIE - Societa' Italiana degli Economisti (I) in its journal Rivista Italiana degli Economisti.
Volume (Year): 17 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Other versions of this item:
- Del Monte, Alfredo & Pennacchio, Luca, 2011. "The structure of agricultural production and the causes of brigandage and criminal organisations in Italy after Unification: theory and evidence," MPRA Paper 38875, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- K40 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - General
- N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Oriana Bandiera, 2003. "Land Reform, the Market for Protection, and the Origins of the Sicilian Mafia: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 218-244, April.
- Carlo Ciccarelli & Stefano Fenoaltea, 2010.
"Through the Magnifying Glass: Provincial Aspects of Industrial Growth in Post-Unification Italy,"
Quaderni di storia economica (Economic History Working Papers)
4, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
- Carlo Ciccarelli & Stefano Fenoaltea, 2013. "Through the magnifying glass: provincial aspects of industrial growth in post-Unification Italy," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 66(1), pages 57-85, 02.
- Giuseppe De Feo & Giacomo De Luca, 2013.
"Mafia in the ballot box,"
DEM Working Papers Series
057, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
- De Feo, Giuseppe & De Luca, Giacomo, 2013. "Mafia in the ballot box," SIRE Discussion Papers 2013-104, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
- Giuseppe De Feo & Giacomo De Luca, 2013. "Mafia in the ballot box," Working Papers 1325, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
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