The Dynamics of Labour Productivity Across Italian Provicnes: Convergence and Polarization
AbstractThis paper analyses the dynamics of labour productivity across Italian Provinces in the period 1995-2006. Inequality decreased but a clear pattern of polarization emerged, with the formation of a cluster of high-productive provinces in the North and Centre-West of Italy and a cluster of low-productive provinces in the South and in the Centre-East. The growth of employment exerted a negative impact on the growth of productivity, as well as the number of self-employers per inhabitants, and the degree of openness to trade. On the contrary the share of population with tertiary education had a positive impact. A core of provinces belonging to five regions (Lombardy, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany and Lazio) appears to benefit of a higher growth of productivity. This regional component favoured both inequality and polarization. On the contrary, the initial level of productivity decreased inequality but increased polarization.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by SIE - Societa' Italiana degli Economisti (I) in its journal Rivista Italiana degli Economisti.
Volume (Year): 16 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
- O52 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
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