Venture capital financing and the growth of new technology-based firms: a longitudinal analysis of the role of the type of investor
AbstractThe financial literature claims that venture capital (VC) financing spurs the growth of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). Nevertheless, the benefits and costs for portfolio companies may depend upon the type of investor. In this paper we distinguish financial intermediaries (FVC) and non-financial companies (i.e. corporate venture capital, CVC) as a source of VC. The aim of the paper is to test whether a) VC financing has a positive effect on the subsequent growth of employment and sales of portfolio companies, and whether b) the magnitude of this effect differs according to the type of investor (i.e. FVC vs. CVC). We consider a 10 year longitudinal dataset composed of 538 Italian NTBFs, most of which are privately held. The sample includes both VC-backed and non VC-backed firms. In order to capture the effects of VC investments on the subsequent growth of firms and to control for their potentially endogenous nature, we estimate an augmented Gibrat-law type dynamic panel data model with distributed lags through different GMM-system estimators which differ according to the choice of the set of instruments. The results strongly support the view that VC finance spurs firm growth. Moreover, the impact of FVC investments considerably exceeds that of CVC investments, especially as regards sales growth.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by SIE - Societa' Italiana degli Economisti (I) in its journal Rivista Italiana degli Economisti.
Volume (Year): 15 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (December)
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D92 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
- G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
- L21 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Business Objectives of the Firm
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- Kirsten Burkhardt, 2011. "Le rôle des sociétés de capital-risque dans la formation d’alliances stratégiques:Une synthèse de littérature - The Role of Venture Capitalists in the Formation of Strategic Alliances:An acade," Working Papers FARGO 1111102, Université de Bourgogne - Crego EA 7317/Fargo (Research center in Finance,organizational ARchitecture and GOvernance).
- Massimo Colombo & Diego D’Adda & Evila Piva, 2010. "The contribution of university research to the growth of academic start-ups: an empirical analysis," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 113-140, February.
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