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Nuevos conflictos ambientales mineros en Argentina. El caso Esquel (2002-2003)

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  • Mariana Walter

    ()
    (Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Ambientales, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España)

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    Abstract

    Desde el año 2003, se ha producido en Argentina un aumento en la conflictividad social de los proyectos mineros. El artículo analiza el primer conflicto ambiental minero que instala en la agenda pública argentina el debate en torno de esta actividad, en la ciudad de Esquel (2002-2003). Esta experiencia impulsa la organización de una red de comunidades afectadas en todo el país. Se reconstruye el ciclo del conflicto: su inicio, sus puntos de inflexión, los actores, sus percepciones y lenguajes de valoración, considerando lo que estuvo en juego en las diferentes etapas. El conflicto se inicia con una serie de disputas en torno de la información y la percepción del riesgo que socavan la confianza de la comunidad en el proyecto y sus impulsores. Se constituye así un movimiento vecinal que antepone al esquema centralizado y poco participativo de evaluación del proyecto una lectura propia del mismo, expresando su postura en una diversidad de lenguajes de valoración que no encuentran cabida en el proceso formal de toma de decisiones. En el cierre, va tomando forma una interpretación estructural de sus orígenes, atribuidos a los esquemas de toma de decisión y a la desigual distribución de beneficios propiciada por el marco normativo nacional, promotor de la minería.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Red Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica in its journal Revista Iberoamericana de Economía Ecológica.

    Volume (Year): 8 (2008)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 15-28

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    Handle: RePEc:rib:revibe:rev8_02

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    Postal: Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA), Edifici C, Campus UAB, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
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    Web page: http://www.redibec.org
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    Keywords: conflictos ambientales; minería de oro; lenguajes de valoración; incertidumbres científicas; postmaterialismo; ecologismo popular.;

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    1. Haselip, James & Hilson, Gavin, 2005. "Winners and losers from industry reforms in the developing world: experiences from the electricity and mining sectors," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 87-100, June.
    2. Anne Shepherd & Christi Bowler, 1997. "Beyond the Requirements: Improving Public Participation in EIA," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(6), pages 725-738.
    3. Martinez-Alier, Joan & Munda, Giuseppe & O'Neill, John, 1998. "Weak comparability of values as a foundation for ecological economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 277-286, September.
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