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Las ganancias del comercio y el intercambio desigual en los modelos del comercio internacional

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  • Francisco Martínez Soler

    (Departamento de Economía Aplicada. Universidad de Almería)

  • Andrei Martínez Finkelshtein

    (Departamento de Estadística y Matemática Aplicada. Universidad de Almería)

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    Abstract

    Se examina el problema del intercambio desigual de trabajo entre países desarrollados y en desarrollo y su vinculación con las condiciones del comercio de beneficio mutuo. Para ello se utilizan los principales modelos teóricos del comercio internacional basado en las ventajas comparativas, y se amplía al caso de dos factores el concepto de relación de intercambio de trabajo derivada del comercio. Como resultado se concluye que el intercambio desigual es inherente al comercio entre países de diferente nivel de desarrollo cuando éste se basa en el beneficio mutuo, y que juega un papel en la apertura de la brecha en la renta per cápita entre dichos países.

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    File URL: http://www.revistaeconomiacritica.org/sites/default/files/revistas/n4/6_ganancias.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Asociación de Economía Crítica in its journal Revista de Economía Crítica.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2005)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 115-140

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    Handle: RePEc:ret:ecocri:rec04_06

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    Keywords: Países en desarrollo; comercio mutuamente ventajoso; modelos clásicos y neoclásicos del comercio;

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