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Un modelo para el análisis de las desigualdades económicas y sociales en un marco territorial: la provincia de Almería

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  • Estefanía López Ruiz
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN El propósito de este trabajo es analizar el grado de desigualdad territorial en la provincia de Almería, mediante la localización de los principales núcleos del desarrollo y las zonas con mayores problemas de tipo económico y demográfico. Con tal fin, se propone un modelo que consta de varias etapas metodológicas. Tras un estudio estadístico descriptivo previo a escala municipal, aplicando la técnica de análisis factorial en fases sucesivas se extraen los factores o dimensiones que caracterizan intrínsecamente al contexto socioeconómico y geográfico de los municipios. Éstos se tipifican en el espacio reducido de los factores mediante la técnica cluster. También se presenta un índice sintético de desarrollo-calidad de vida que ofrece una visión jerarquizada de los municipios con arreglo a las características que abarca dicho indicador y que permite la comparación espacial entre diferentes escalas del mismo. Finalmente, utilizando este índice se procede a la estimación del nivel de renta familiar disponible por habitante, como indicador del bienestar económico, y a su comparación con el índice de desarrollo-calidad de vida. ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to analyse the territorial degree of inequality in the province of Almería y means of the locating of the main nucleus of the development, as well as the most remote zones and with greater demographic and economic problems. With such objective, a model is proposed that is comprised of several phases. After a prior descriptive statistical study to municipal scale, applying the technique of reiterated factorial analysis, the factors that characterise intrinsic geographical and socio-economic context of the municipalities are extracted. These they are classified in the space of the factors by means of the method cluster. Also an index of development-quality of life is presented. This one offers a classification of the municipalities and permits the spatial comparison among different scales of the same one. Finally, making use of this index proceeds to the estimation of the available family income by inhabitant as indicator of the economic welfare and its comparison with the development-life quality index.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 03 (2005)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 119-152

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:03:y:2005:p:119-152

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    Keywords: Almería; Desarrollo económico; Análisis multivariante; Análisis de conglomerados; Economía; Análisis económico cuantitativo; Regresión no paramétrica;

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