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Rotura del tejido industrial y profundización de los desequilibrios territoriales durante los ´90s en Santa Fe (Argentina). Una crítica al consenso de Washington

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  • Víctor Ramiro Fernández
  • Gustavo Peretti
  • Laura Tarabella
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN El trabajo analiza críticamente, y desde un punto de vista territorial, los impactos que generó la aplicación de los principios del Consenso de Washington (WC) en Santa Fe durante los 90s. Considerando la contrastante dinámica formada por un crecimiento industrial con deterioro del tejido productivo-industrial, se analiza cómo, en oposición a la prospectiva de recomposición de equilibrios presentes en el WC, dicho deterioro ha contribuido a la profundización de los desequilibrios productivos, espaciales y demográ cos. A partir del análisis intercensal (1985-1994) del tejido productivo (operacionalizado centralmente a través de caída establecimientos y empleo) se precisa: a) la mayor envergadura asumida por el deterioro del tejido productivo industrial en el área norte, respecto de las áreas centro y sur de la provincia; b) la ausencia de procesos de compensación sectorial (por medio de comercio y servicios) respecto de ese deterioro que se veri ca a nivel del parque industrial, sea que se consideren cada una de las áreas mencionadas como la provincia en su conjunto; c) nalmente, la importancia estadística asumida por la caída de establecimientos industriales para dar cuenta de los mayores saldos migratorios negativos de esa zona norte respecto de las restantes. Se destaca la relevancia de estos saldos para explicar, desde un punto de vista fundamentalmente cuantitativo, el comportamiento demográ co marcadamente más lento de esa zona norte. ABSTRACT This work analyses, in a critical way and under a territorial point of view, the impact made by the application of the Washington Consensus (WC) principles in Santa Fe, a province of Argentina, during the ´90s. Considering the contrast between the industrial growth and the spoiling of the productive-industrial texture, we analyse, how, in opposition to the equilibrium prospective defended by WC, this spoiling has contributed to the deepening of productive, spatial and demographic unbalances. Analysing the economical intercensus (1985-1994) of the productive texture, we found: a) the bigger expansion taken by the spoiling of the industrial productive texture in the north region of Santa Fe in comparison with the centre and south zones of the province. b) the absence of sectorial compensation (through an increase of commercial and services sectors) in spite of the deterioration of the industrial park cited above. c) Finally, the statistics signi cance taken by the fall of industrial enterprises to explain the bigger negative migratory balance in the north zone respect to the rest regions of the province. The work highlights the importance of this migratory balance to explain both, basically from a quantitative point of view, the slower demographic behaviour of this north zone.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 02 (2004)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 119-147

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:02:y:2004:p:119-147

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    Related research

    Keywords: Desindustrialización; Tejido industrial; Desequilibrios territoriales; Consenso de Washington;

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    1. Rodrik, Dani, 1996. "Why do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1388, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Walter Stanners, 2001. "De-Industrialisation II," Development and Comp Systems 0107001, EconWPA.
    3. Walter Stanners, 1996. "De-Industrialisation," Development and Comp Systems 9601001, EconWPA, revised 05 Aug 1996.
    4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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