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Un modelo de crecimiento con efectos externos entre las provincias españolas


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  • Ángel Alañón Pardo
  • Miguel Gómez de Antonio


RESUMEN: En este trabajo se estima un modelo de crecimiento no neoclásico con efectos externos entre las provincias españolas que permite contrastar la hipótesis de Aschauer utilizando técnicas de econometría espacial. El modelo se estima para datos sección cruzada y para un panel de datos para el periodo 1970-2000. Se distinguen dos conjuntos de determinantes de la renta provincial: las variables territoriales (fuerzas de aglomeración intra e interregionales) y las no territoriales (tamaño empresarial y capital público). Los resultados destacan la importancia de las variables territoriales, tanto intraterritoriales como interterritoriales, así como, la relación positiva entre la inversión pública y el crecimiento económico. Así mismo, se subraya la necesidad de contemplar el uso de técnicas de econometría espacial cuando se trabaja con datos y con fenómenos espaciales. ABSTRACT: A non neoclassical growth model with external effects among Spanish provinces is estimated through cross section and panel data Spatial Econometrics techniques for the 1970-2000 period. There are two kind of regional product determinants: spatial variables (intra and interregional agglomeration forces) and non spatial variables (firm size and public capital). Results show that both intra regional and inter regional spatial variables are statistically significant, and the need of considering the use of Spatial Econometrics techniques when dealing with spatial data and phenomena. We find a positive relationship between public investment and regional economic growth, accepting Aschauer’s hypothesis for the Spanish economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 01 (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 207-229

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2011:p:207-229

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Keywords: Crecimiento regional; Aglomeración; Efectos externos; Econometría espacial; Capital público; Regional growth; Agglomeration; External effects; Spatial econometrics; Public capital;

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