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Gestión turística activa y desarrollo económico en los parques naturales andaluces. Una propuesta de revisión desde el análisis del posicionamiento de sus actuales gestores

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  • Juan Ignacio Pulido Fernández
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN Los cambios producidos en la demanda turística y la necesidad de los propios territorios de diversificar su estructura productiva, mejorando las oportunidades para la generación de empleo y de riqueza para la población rural, han convertido al turismo de naturaleza en un instrumento de primera magnitud para el desarrollo socioeconómico de la mayor parte de los parques naturales andaluces. Por el contrario, en la actual situación, la inexistencia de mecanismos de planificación y gestión activa del desarrollo turístico de estos espacios amenaza con provocar serios impactos sobre los territorios en los que se desarrolla, y, en consecuencia, con dilapidar buena parte de las oportunidades que el turismo brinda a los parques naturales. Es necesario, por tanto, afrontar una nueva etapa, caracterizada por un enfoque proactivo en el tratamiento del turismo por parte de los gestores de los parques naturales andaluces. Sin embargo, para ello es necesario, primero, que estos gestores (especialmente, los directores-conservadores) asuman los valores del turismo como instrumento al servicio del desarrollo, e, incluso, de la conservación, de estos espacios. Y, segundo, disponer de especialistas en turismo que asuman esta gestión. En este trabajo, se analiza la postura de los actuales gestores de los parques naturales andaluces respecto a ambas circunstancias, planteándose, finalmente, las funciones que podría asumir esta nueva figura de gestor turístico, y que estarían dispuestos a admitir los directoresconservadores de los parques naturales. ABSTRACT The changes produced in the tourist demand and the necessity of the own territories to diversify their productive structure, improving the opportunities for the generation of use and wealth for the rural population, have turned to the nature tourism an instrument of first magnitude for the socioeconomic development of most of the Andalusian natural parks. On the contrary, in the present situation, the nonexistence of planning mechanisms and active management of the tourist development of these spaces threaten causing serious impacts on the territories in which it is developed, and, consequently, squandering good part of the opportunities that the tourism offers the natural parks. It is necessary, therefore, to confront a new stage, characterized by an proactive approach in the treatment of the tourism on the part of the managers of the Andalusian natural parks. Nevertheless, for it, it is necessary, first, that these managers (specially, the director-conservatives) assume the values of the tourism like instrument to the service of the development, and, even, of the conservation, these spaces. And, second, to have specialists in tourism who assume this management. In this work, the position of the present managers of the andalusian natural parks with respect to both circumstances is analyzed, considering, finally, the functions that could assume this new figure of tourist manager, and which they would be arranged to admit the directorconservatives of the natural parks.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 01 (2008)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 171-203

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2008:p:171-203

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    Keywords: Turismo de naturaleza; Parques naturales; Desarrollo económico; Gestión turística adaptable; Sostenibilidad; Turismo sostenible; Desarrollo sostenible;

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