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Seguridad Social y Comunidades Autónomas

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  • Jesús Salvador Gómez Sala
  • José Sánchez Maldonado

Abstract

RESUMEN Este trabajo analiza con detalle la incidencia regional de las prestaciones contributivas de la Seguridad Social. En primer término se analizan algunas medidas convencionales a corto plazo, en orden a valorar la incidencia regional de las pensiones contributivas de la Seguridad Social española en los últimos años, tratando de aproximar la aportación de este programa público a la distribución espacial de la renta. Seguidamente abordamos el estudio empleando medidas de carácter vitalicio, ya sea por medio de la estimación de los valores actualizados netos como de las tasas internas de retorno que se pueden atribuir a beneficiarios representativos residentes en las diversas regiones españolas, en principio en un marco que cabe calificar de certeza. Dado que esperamos que una de las causas fundamentales de la diversa incidencia espacial de estas prestaciones se deba a las diferencias existentes en cuanto a longevidad, y, en términos más generales, a las relativas a las probabilidades de supervivencia a las distintas edades, utilizamos el modelo elaborado por Kessler y Masson (1985 y 1989) para evaluar el papel redistributivo territorial de las pensiones (ahora en un entorno probabilístico), que gira entorno a lo que estos autores denominan la “edad crítica”, y lo aplicamos al caso español. ABSTRACT This paper analyzes in detail the regional incidence of the contributive benefits of Social Security. In the first place, some conventional short term measures are analyzed in order to assess the regional incidence of the contributive pensions of the Spanish Social Security in the last years, in an intent to estimate the contribution of this public program to the spatial income distribution. Next, we introduce in this study lifecycle measures, both by means of the estimation of the net updated values, and by estimating the internal rates of return that can be attributed to representative resident beneficiaries belonging to the diverse Spanish regions, in a frame that might be described as certainty. Since we expect that one of the main causes of the diverse spatial incidence of these benefits are the existing differences in longevity, and, in general, in the probabilities of survival for the different age levels, we use the Kessler and Masson model (1985 and 1989) in order to evaluate the redistributive territorial role of the pensions (now in a probabilistic environment), a model that relays on what these authors denominate the “critical age”, and that we employ for the Spanish case.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 01 (2007)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 231-259

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2007:p:231-259

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Keywords: Comunidades autónomas; Seguridad social; Pensiones públicas;

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