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Necesidades, derechos y políticas públicas: una mirada desde la teoría económica

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  • Mauricio Pérez Salazar

    ()
    (Universidad Externado de Colombia)

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    Abstract

    Adam Smith held that needs comprise, “not only those things which nature, but those things which the established rules of decency have rendered necessary”. In other words, they are socially determined. Needs are not independent of the budget constraints faced by each society. As economic growth displaces the production possibility frontier, both the scope of goods and services considered needs and the material possibility of their satisfaction increase. The doctrine of progressive realization of economic and social rights is an answer to the problem of how to relate the expansion of the scope of these rights with the resources available to fulfill them. It is a deliberative process that also involves a change in social values and preferences that can be illustrated with Wagner’s law. This change leads to the gradual expansion of the set of goods and services that can be considered merit goods.

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    File URL: http://www.uexternado.edu.co/facecono/ecoinstitucional/workingpapers/mperez20.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía in its journal Revista de Economía Institucional.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 20 (January-June)
    Pages: 253-269

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    Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:11:y:2009:i:20:p:253-269

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    Keywords: needs; progressive realization; rights; merit goods;

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